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FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French achever, from Old French achever, from Vulgar Latin *accapāre, from Latin ad + caput (head) + -āre. Compare Catalan, Occitan, Portuguese and Spanish acabar.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

achever

  1. (transitive) to finish, to complete
    • 1837, Louis Viardot, L’Ingénieux Hidalgo Don Quichotte de la Manchefr.Wikisource, translation of El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha by Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra, Chapter II:
      Ayant donc achevé ses préparatifs, il ne voulut pas attendre davantage pour mettre à exécution son projet.
      Having thus completed his preparations, he did not want to wait any longer to put his project into execution.
  2. (transitive) to finish off (someone who is already incapacitated)
  3. (reflexive, s'achever) to finish

ConjugationEdit

This verb is conjugated mostly like the regular -er verbs (parler and chanter and so on), but the -e- /ə/ of the second-to-last syllable becomes -è- /ɛ/ when the next vowel is a silent or schwa -e-. For example, in the third-person singular present indicative, we have il achève rather than *il acheve. Other verbs conjugated this way include lever and mener. Related but distinct conjugations include those of appeler and préférer.

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


Middle FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French à, from Latin ad; + chief, from caput (head). Also possibly from a Vulgar Latin root *accapāre.

VerbEdit

achever

  1. to finish; to complete

ConjugationEdit

  • Middle French conjugation varies from one text to another. Hence, the following conjugation should be considered as typical, not as exhaustive.

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit