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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Middle French affluent, from Latin affluentem, accusative singular of affluēns, present active participle of affluō (flow to or towards; overflow with), from ad (to, towards) + fluō (flow) (cognate via latter to fluid, flow). Sense of “wealthy” (plentiful flow of goods) c. 1600, which also led to nominalization affluence.[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • (US)
    • enPR: ăf'lo͞o-ənt, IPA(key): /ˈæfluːənt/
      (file)
    • enPR: ă-flo͞o'ənt, ə-flo͞o'ənt, IPA(key): /æˈfluːənt/, /əˈfluːənt/
    • Although the pronunciation with second-syllable stress does occur in educated U.S. usage, it is appreciably less common than the pronunciation with first-syllable stress[2][3] and is regarded as unacceptable by many American speakers.[3]

NounEdit

affluent (plural affluents)

  1. (Discuss(+) this sense) Somebody who is wealthy.
    • 1994, Philip D. Cooper, Health care marketing: a foundation for managed quality (page 183)
      The affluents are most similar to the professional want-it-alls in their reasons for preferring specific hospitals and in their demographic characteristics.
  2. A stream or river flowing into a larger river or into a lake; a tributary stream; a tributary.

SynonymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

affluent (comparative more affluent, superlative most affluent)

  1. Abundant; copious; plenteous.
    • H. Reed
      language [] affluent in expression
  2. (by extension) Abounding in goods or riches; having a moderate level of material wealth.
    They were affluent, but aspired to true wealth.
  3. (dated) Tributary.
  4. (obsolete) Flowing to; flowing abundantly.
    • Harvey
      affluent blood

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ affluent” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2018.
  2. ^ affluent in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary.
  3. 3.0 3.1 affluent in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language.

FrenchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

affluent (feminine singular affluente, masculine plural affluents, feminine plural affluentes)

  1. tributary

NounEdit

affluent m (plural affluents)

  1. tributary; affluent

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

affluent

  1. third-person plural present indicative of affluer
  2. third-person plural present subjunctive of affluer

Further readingEdit


LatinEdit