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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin alveolus, a diminutive of alveus (a tray, trough, basin), from alvus (the belly, the stomach, bowels, womb, etc.).

NounEdit

alveolus (plural alveoli)

  1. A small cavity or pit.
  2. (anatomy) An anatomical structure that has the form of a hollow cavity, as:
    1. (anatomy, pulmonology) A small air sac in the lungs, where oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged with the blood.
      Synonym: pulmonary alveolus
    2. (anatomy, dentistry) A dental alveolus (tooth socket): the socket in which a tooth resides.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

alveus +‎ -olus

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

alveolus m (genitive alveolī); second declension

  1. small hollow or cavity
  2. tray, trough, basin
  3. gaming board

DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative alveolus alveolī
Genitive alveolī alveolōrum
Dative alveolō alveolīs
Accusative alveolum alveolōs
Ablative alveolō alveolīs
Vocative alveole alveolī

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

alveolus in D. P. Simpson, Cassell's Latin Dictionary, Wiley Publishing, 1968