See also: Arna, aRNA, árna, Árna, -arna, and -árna

CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
(beehive): arna

Probably from Proto-Celtic *arona (“ring” or “wheel”) due to these structures first being built in a cylindrical form from woven wood or vegetation.

NounEdit

arna f (plural arnes)

  1. beehive
    Synonyms: buc, casera, rusc
  2. Synonym of arnot
HolonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Unknown origin, but possibly cognate to Basque arr (worm, insect). Cognate to Occitan arna

NounEdit

arna f (plural arnes)

  1. moth
See alsoEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Possibly the same origin as Etymology 2 above, but also possibly by refactoring of sarna (scabies) as s’ + arna.

NounEdit

arna f (plural arnes)

  1. (Mallorca) dandruff
    Synonym: caspa

Further readingEdit


GalicianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Probably from a a pre-Roman substrate of Iberia, from Proto-Celtic *arona (“ring” or “wheel”) due to the cylindrical shape around the trunk of a tree.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

arna f (plural arnas)

  1. bark (the exterior covering of the trunk of a tree, especially when thick and old)
    Synonyms: arneca, arnela, casca, cortiza
  2. a round, large section of bark

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


IcelandicEdit

NounEdit

arna

  1. indefinite genitive plural of örn

IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From ar (on, upon) + a (his, her, their).

PrepositionEdit

arna

  1. Only used in arna mhárach

ContractionEdit

arna

  1. used with a verbal noun to indicate completion of an action and its direct object
    ‘upon his/its’ / ‘when he/it’ (triggers lenition):
    arna shailleadhupon its being salted, when it had been salted
    ‘upon her/its’ / ‘when she/it’ (triggers h-prothesis):
    arna hinsintupon its being told, when it had been told
    ‘upon their’ / ‘when they’ (triggers eclipsis):
    arna ndearbhú i gcruatanupon their being tested in hardship, when they were tested in hardship
  2. used to form the equivalent of a past participle that agrees with a third-person subject
    masculine singular agreement triggers lenition:
    arna chur in eagar agedited by
    (of something masculine)
    feminine singular agreement triggers h-prothesis:
    arna hoscailt(being) opened
    (of something feminine)
    plural agreement triggers eclipsis:
    arna bhfoilsiú agpublished by
    (of something plural)

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • "arna" in Foclóir Gaeilge–Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Entries containing “arna” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “arna” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

OccitanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

arna f (plural arnas)

  1. moth
  2. (Attagenus pellio)[1] fur beetle, carpet beetle

SynonymsEdit

CognatesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Gui Benoèt, "Las bèstias", 2008, Toulouse, IEO Edicions, 2008, →ISBN, p. 60

Old IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Univerbation of ara (so that) +‎ (not)

ConjunctionEdit

arna

  1. so thatnot
  2. thatnot (introduces a noun clause)
Alternative formsEdit
  • arnach- (used before an infixed pronoun)

Further readingEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Univerbation of ar (for (the sake of), because of) +‎ inna (the, accusative plural)

ArticleEdit

arna (triggers /h/-prothesis)

  1. for (the sake of) the (accusative plural), because of the (accusative plural)

Further readingEdit


Old NorseEdit

NounEdit

arna

  1. indefinite accusative/genitive plural of arinn
  2. indefinite genitive plural of ǫrn

WelshEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

arna

  1. first-person singular of ar