Czech edit

 
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Wikipedia cs

Etymology edit

From Serbo-Croatian bȃn/ба̑н (lord; ban), from Proto-Slavic *banъ; see there for more.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

bán m anim (related adjective bánský)

  1. (historical) ban (title in the historical Kingdom of Croatia and the Kingdom of Hungary, like a palatine or governor of a province)
  2. (historical) ban (governor of a banovina in Yugoslavia from 1929 to 1941)

Declension edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

  • bán in Kartotéka Novočeského lexikálního archivu
  • bán in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989
  • bán in Akademický slovník současné češtiny, 2012-, slovnikcestiny.cz
  • bán in Internetová jazyková příručka

Hungarian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈbaːn]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: bán
  • Rhymes: -aːn

Etymology 1 edit

From a Turkic language. Doublet of bánik.

Verb edit

bán

  1. (transitive, chiefly in the negative) to mind, to object to, to be bothered by
    Nem bánod, ha kinyitom az ablakot?Do you mind if I open the window?
    Nem bánnám, ha néha segítenél kitakarítani.I wouldn’t mind if you helped me clean the house once in a while.
  2. (transitive) to regret
    Synonym: sajnál
Usage notes edit
Conjugation edit
Derived terms edit

(With verbal prefixes):

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Old Hungarian ban (1146), from a South Slavic language; compare Serbo-Croatian bȃn/ба̑н (lord; ban), from Proto-Slavic *banъ; see there for more.

Noun edit

bán (plural bánok)

 
Hungarian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia hu
  1. (historical) ban (title in the historical Kingdom of Croatia and the Kingdom of Hungary, like a palatine or governor of a province)
Declension edit
Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative bán bánok
accusative bánt bánokat
dative bánnak bánoknak
instrumental bánnal bánokkal
causal-final bánért bánokért
translative bánná bánokká
terminative bánig bánokig
essive-formal bánként bánokként
essive-modal
inessive bánban bánokban
superessive bánon bánokon
adessive bánnál bánoknál
illative bánba bánokba
sublative bánra bánokra
allative bánhoz bánokhoz
elative bánból bánokból
delative bánról bánokról
ablative bántól bánoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
báné bánoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
bánéi bánokéi
Possessive forms of bán
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. bánom bánjaim
2nd person sing. bánod bánjaid
3rd person sing. bánja bánjai
1st person plural bánunk bánjaink
2nd person plural bánotok bánjaitok
3rd person plural bánjuk bánjaik
Derived terms edit

References edit

Further reading edit

  • (to mind, to regret): bán in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • (ban [historical]): bán in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • bán in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (‘A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2024)

Irish edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Irish bán (white), from Proto-Celtic *bānos (white).

Adjective edit

bán (genitive singular masculine báin, genitive singular feminine báine, plural bána, comparative báine)

  1. white
  2. blank
  3. fair-haired
  4. (sexuality, LGBT) gay, homosexual
Declension edit
Derived terms edit

Noun edit

bán m (genitive singular báin, nominative plural bána)

  1. white
Declension edit
Derived terms edit

See also edit

Colors in Irish · dathanna (layout · text)
     bán      liath      dubh
             dearg; corcairdhearg              oráiste, flannbhuí; donn              buí; bánbhuí
             líoma-ghlas, glas líoma              glas, uaine              dath an mhiontais
             cian              gormghlas, spéirghorm              gorm
             corcairghorm; indeagó              maigeanta; corcra              bándearg

Verb edit

bán (present analytic bánann, future analytic bánfaidh, verbal noun bánadh, past participle bánta)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) Alternative form of bánaigh (whiten; blanch; clear out, empty, depopulate)
Conjugation edit
Descendants edit
  • Yola: baun, bawn

Etymology 2 edit

From Old Irish bán (untilled land, lea), from the adjective bán (white).

Noun edit

bán m (genitive singular báin, nominative plural bánta)

  1. (geography) lea; grassland
  2. uncultivated land
Declension edit
Descendants edit

Etymology 3 edit

Noun edit

bán m (genitive singular báin, nominative plural báin)

  1. Alternative form of bábhún (walled enclosure)
Declension edit
Descendants edit

Mutation edit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bán bhán mbán
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading edit

Old Irish edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Celtic *bānos (white).

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

bán

  1. white
  2. pure

Inflection edit

o/ā-stem
Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative bán bán bán
Vocative báin*
bán**
Accusative bán báin
Genitive báin báine báin
Dative bán báin bán
Plural Masculine Feminine/neuter
Nominative báin bána
Vocative bánu
bána
Accusative bánu
bána
Genitive bán
Dative bánaib
Notes *modifying a noun whose vocative is different from its nominative

**modifying a noun whose vocative is identical to its nominative
† not when substantivized

Synonyms edit

Descendants edit

Mutation edit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bán bán
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbán
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading edit

Vietnamese edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Sino-Vietnamese word from (half).

Prefix edit

bán

  1. half-; semi-; hemi-
    bán hẹp bao quy đầuwith a semi-tight foreskin
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Vietic *paːɲʔ.

Verb edit

bán (, 𬥓, )

  1. to sell
Derived terms edit
Derived terms