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HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈbaːn]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: bán

Etymology 1Edit

From a Turkic language.

VerbEdit

bán

  1. (transitive) to mind, to object to, to be bothered by (chiefly in negative constructions)
    Nem bánod, ha kinyitom az ablakot?Do you mind if I open the window?
    Nem bánnám, ha néha segítenél kitakarítani.I wouldn't mind if you helped me clean the house once in a while.
  2. (transitive) to regret
    Synonym: sajnál
Usage notesEdit
  • This verb is a member of one of those (few) quasi-homonymous verb pairs that exist both with and without an -ik ending. All suffixed forms of these pairs are identical (sometimes they can even have derived forms that coincide), with the exception of their dictionary form (the third-person singular indicative present, with or without -ik), the transitive forms if one of them is transitive (if either, it is the one without -ik) as well as an optional first-person singular indicative present indefinite form of the -ik verb. However, the meaning of these pairs is often unrelated. Examples include bánbánik, (el)vesz(el)veszik, érérik, nyúlnyúlik, (meg)bíz(meg)bízik and törtörik (the latter two pairs with related meanings; tör[ik] along with their verbal prefixes). Therefore one may well need to check the context and the verb arguments to ascertain which member of the verb pair is relevant.
ConjugationEdit
Derived termsEdit

(With verbal prefixes):

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Hungarian ban (1146), from a South Slavic language; compare Serbo-Croatian bȃn/ба̑н (lord; ban), from Proto-Slavic *banъ; see there for more.

NounEdit

bán (plural bánok)

 
Hungarian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia hu
  1. ban (title in the historical Kingdom of Croatia and the Kingdom of Hungary)
DeclensionEdit
Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative bán bánok
accusative bánt bánokat
dative bánnak bánoknak
instrumental bánnal bánokkal
causal-final bánért bánokért
translative bánná bánokká
terminative bánig bánokig
essive-formal bánként bánokként
essive-modal
inessive bánban bánokban
superessive bánon bánokon
adessive bánnál bánoknál
illative bánba bánokba
sublative bánra bánokra
allative bánhoz bánokhoz
elative bánból bánokból
delative bánról bánokról
ablative bántól bánoktól
Possessive forms of bán
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. bánom bánjaim
2nd person sing. bánod bánjaid
3rd person sing. bánja bánjai
1st person plural bánunk bánjaink
2nd person plural bánotok bánjaitok
3rd person plural bánjuk bánjaik
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Irish bán (white), from Proto-Celtic *bānos (white).

AdjectiveEdit

bán (genitive singular masculine báin, genitive singular feminine báine, plural bána, comparative báine)

  1. white
  2. blank
  3. (sexuality, LGBT) gay, homosexual
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

bán m (genitive singular báin, nominative plural bána)

  1. white
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

bán (present analytic bánann, future analytic bánfaidh, verbal noun bánadh, past participle bánta)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) Alternative form of bánaigh (whiten; bleach; blanch; dawn; clear out, empty; lay waste, devastate)
ConjugationEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Irish bán (untilled land, lea), from the adjective bán (white).

NounEdit

bán m (genitive singular báin, nominative plural bánta)

  1. (geography) lea; grassland
  2. uncultivated land
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 3Edit

NounEdit

bán m (genitive singular báin, nominative plural báin)

  1. Alternative form of bábhún (walled enclosure, bawn; bailey; bulwark, breakwater)
DeclensionEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bán bhán mbán
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


Old IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *bānos (white).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

bán

  1. white
  2. pure

InflectionEdit

o/ā-stem
Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative bán bán bán
Vocative báin*
bán**
Accusative bán báin
Genitive báin báine báin
Dative bán báin bán
Plural Masculine Feminine/neuter
Nominative báin bána
Vocative bánu
bána
Accusative bánu
bána
Genitive bán
Dative bánaib
Notes *modifying a noun whose vocative is different from its nominative

**modifying a noun whose vocative is identical to its nominative
† not when substantivized

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bán bán
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbán
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


VietnameseEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Sino-Vietnamese word from (“half”).

PrefixEdit

bán

  1. half-, semi-, hemi-
CompoundsEdit
Derived terms

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Vietic *paːɲʔ.

VerbEdit

bán (𧸝)

  1. to sell
Derived termsEdit
Derived terms