IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Irish bás, from Old Irish bás, from Proto-Celtic *bāstom, bāssom, from either Proto-Indo-European *gʷeh₂- (to go) or *(s)gʷes- (to extinguish).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bás m (genitive singular báis, nominative plural básanna)

  1. death
    Proverb:
    Nuair a thiocfas an bás ní imeoidh sé folamh.When death comes he won’t leave empty-handed.
    Proverb:
    Níl neart ar an mbás (ach pósadh arís).There is no cure for death (but to marry again).

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

  • faigh bás (die, verb, literally find death)

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bás bhás mbás
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


Middle IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish bás, from Proto-Celtic *bāstom, bāssom, from either Proto-Indo-European *gʷeh₂- (to go) or *(s)gʷes- (to extinguish).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bás m

  1. death

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Irish: bás
  • Manx: baase
  • Scottish Gaelic: bàs

MutationEdit

Middle Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bás bás
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbás
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


Old IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *bāstom, bāssom, from either Proto-Indo-European *gʷeh₂- (to go) or *(s)gʷes- (to extinguish).[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bás n

  1. verbal noun of baïd (to die): death
    • c. 800–825, Diarmait, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 73d7
      Ná eiplet húan bás coitchen húa n‑epil cách, acht foircniter húa sain-bás sech cách.
      Let them not die by the common death by which everyone dies, but let them be ended by a special death different from everyone.

InflectionEdit

Neuter o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative básN básN básL, bása
Vocative básN básN básL, bása
Accusative básN básN básL, bása
Genitive báisL bás básN
Dative básL básaib básaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

DescendantsEdit

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bás bás
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbás
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ranko Matasović (2009), “*bāsto-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic[1] (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 59

Further readingEdit


WiyotEdit

 
Bás.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Algic *mehše. Cognates include Yurok mech and Ojibwe mishi.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /βás/
  • Hyphenation: bás

NounEdit

bás

  1. fire

ReferencesEdit

  • Karl V. Teeter (1964) The Wiyot Language, University of California press, page 48