ballast

See also: Ballast

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

From Middle English bar (bare) + last (load).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ballast (usually uncountable, plural ballasts)

  1. (nautical) Heavy material that is placed in the hold of a ship (or in the gondola of a balloon), to provide stability.
  2. (figuratively) Anything that steadies emotion or the mind.
  3. Coarse gravel or similar material laid to form a bed for roads or railroads, or in making concrete; track ballast.
  4. (construction) A material, such as aggregate or precast concrete pavers, which employs its mass and the force of gravity to hold single-ply roof membranes in place.
  5. (countable, electricity, electronics) device used for stabilizing current in an electric circuit (e.g. in a tube lamp supply circuit)
  6. (figuratively) That which gives, or helps to maintain, uprightness, steadiness, and security.
    • 2018 June 17, Barney Ronay, “Mexico’s Hirving Lozano stuns world champions Germany for brilliant win”, in Katharine Viner, editor, The Guardian[1], London: Guardian News & Media, ISSN 0261-3077, OCLC 229952407, archived from the original on 5 August 2019:
      With 73 minutes gone Rafael Márquez came on to add ballast at the back, appearing in his fifth World Cup aged 39 and with alleged links to drug trafficking, which he denies, on hold for now. And so they sat deep with a thin green line of five defenders ranged across their own penalty area as the game became a Mexican stand-off, attack versus defence.
    • a. 1677, Isaac Barrow, The Profitableness of Godliness
      It [piety] is the right ballast of prosperity.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

VerbEdit

ballast (third-person singular simple present ballasts, present participle ballasting, simple past and past participle ballasted)

  1. To stabilize or load a ship with ballast.
  2. To lay ballast on the bed of a railroad track.
    • 1943 September and October, “Railway Construction and Operation at War Department Depots”, in Railway Magazine, page 262:
      The task of a Railway Construction Company, R.E., is to lay and ballast the track; [...].
  3. To weigh down with a ballast.
    • 1938, Norman Lindsay, Age of Consent, Sydney: Ure Smith, published 1962, page 35:
      The noosance was [...] that to make the umbrella effective he would have to carry abroad such weight to ballast it as would put the whole contraption out of action for carrying abroad at all.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

GalleryEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch ballast.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ballast m (plural ballasten)

  1. (now chiefly uncountable) ballast (weights used in ships or aerostats)
  2. (figuratively, uncountable) baggage (something that hampers functioning)

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Afrikaans: ballas
  • Indonesian: balas
  • Papiamentu: balaster, balastu

FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ballast m (plural ballasts)

  1. (nautical) heavy material that is placed in the hold of a ship (or in the gondola of a balloon), to provide stability
  2. coarse gravel or similar material laid to form a bed for roads or railroads

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Low German barlast.

NounEdit

ballast m (definite singular ballasten, indefinite plural ballaster, definite plural ballastene)

  1. ballast

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Low German barlast.

NounEdit

ballast m (definite singular ballasten, indefinite plural ballastar, definite plural ballastane)
ballast f (definite singular ballasta, indefinite plural ballaster, definite plural ballastene)

  1. ballast

ReferencesEdit


SwedishEdit

AdjectiveEdit

ballast

  1. superlative predicative form of ball.