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See also: Bistro, bistró, bistrò, and bistrô

Contents

EnglishEdit

 
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At the Bistro, painting by Jean Beraud

EtymologyEdit

Attested from c. 1920, from the French bistro(t) with the original meaning "proprietor of a tavern" (1880s), of Unknown origin, presumably regional French dialect.

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈbiːstɹəʊ/, /ˈbɪstɹəʊ/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈbiːstɹoʊ/, /ˈbɪstɹoʊ/
  • (file)

NounEdit

bistro (plural bistros)

  1. A small restaurant.
  2. A small bar or pub.

SynonymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French bistro.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bistro c (singular definite bistroen, plural indefinite bistroer)

  1. A bistro.

InflectionEdit


EsperantoEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bistro (accusative singular bistron, plural bistroj, accusative plural bistrojn)

  1. bistre

FinnishEdit

NounEdit

bistro

  1. bistro

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of bistro (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative bistro bistrot
genitive bistron bistrojen
partitive bistroa bistroja
illative bistroon bistroihin
singular plural
nominative bistro bistrot
accusative nom. bistro bistrot
gen. bistron
genitive bistron bistrojen
partitive bistroa bistroja
inessive bistrossa bistroissa
elative bistrosta bistroista
illative bistroon bistroihin
adessive bistrolla bistroilla
ablative bistrolta bistroilta
allative bistrolle bistroille
essive bistrona bistroina
translative bistroksi bistroiksi
instructive bistroin
abessive bistrotta bistroitta
comitative bistroineen

FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

 
The legend of the origin of the word due to the Russian occupation in 1814.

The etymology is unclear, and is presumed to come from a regional word: bistro, bistrot, bistingo, or bistraud, a word in the Poitou dialect which means a "lesser servant." Another offered is bistouille or bistrouille, a colloquial term from the northern area of France,[1] which is a mixture of brandy and coffee; precisely the kind of beverage that could be served at a bistro. The first recorded use of the word appears in 1884,[2], and again in 1892 ("bistrot").

A popular folk etymology of the word claims that it originated among Russian troops who occupied Paris following the Napoleonic Wars. In taverns they would shout the Russian бы́стро (býstro, quickly) to the waiters, so that "bistro" took on the meaning of a place where food was served quickly.[3] This etymology is rejected, due to the 69 year gap between the proposed origin and the first attestation. In Russia restaurants are not traditionally called bistros, and the concept of the fast-serving restaurant as used in Russian is seen as a French import, unrelated to the supposed Russian origin.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bistro m (plural bistros)

  1. bistro

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Glenn Randall Mack, Asele Surina. Food Culture In Russia And Central Asia. →ISBN. Page 154.
  2. ^ Robert K. Barnhart. The Barnhart Dictionary of Etymology. →ISBN. Page 94.
  3. ^ Scarborough, Jack. The Origins of Cultural Differences and Their Impact on Management. →ISBN. Page 172; Joseph, Nadine. Passport France. World Trade Press, 1997. Page 84.

Further readingEdit


ItalianEdit

Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French bistro.

NounEdit

bìstrō m (Cyrillic spelling бѝстро̄)

  1. bistro

DeclensionEdit


SpanishEdit

NounEdit

bistro m (plural bistros)

  1. bistro