See also: blað, blaþ, and bláth

Scottish Gaelic

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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From Old Irish bláth, from Proto-Celtic *blātus, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰleh₃- (blossom, flower).

Noun

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blàth m (genitive singular blàith, plural blàthan)

  1. blossom, bloom, flower
    Nach eil blàthan na siris dìreach àlainn?Aren't the cherry blossoms just lovely?
  2. consequence, effect
  3. heyday
Synonyms
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Etymology 2

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From Old Irish bláith (soft, smooth) from earlier mláith, from Proto-Celtic *mlātis (soft, tender), *mlātos (flour), related to *meleti (to grind, crush). Originally meant "ground soft". Cognate with Welsh blawd (flour, meal).

Adjective

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blàth (genitive singular masculine blàith, genitive singular feminine blàithe, nominative plural blàtha, comparative blàithe)

  1. warm
    Tha am bùrn blàth.
    The water is warm.
  2. affectionate, tender, kind
Declension
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Case Masculine singular Feminine singular Plural
Nominative blàth bhlàth blàtha
Vocative bhlàith bhlàith blàtha
Genitive bhlàith bhlàith/blàithe blàtha
Dative bhlàth bhlàith blàtha

Mutation

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Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
blàth bhlàth
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading

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  • Edward Dwelly (1911) “blàth”, in Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan [The Illustrated Gaelic–English Dictionary]‎[1], 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, →ISBN
  • Gregory Toner, Sharon Arbuthnot, Máire Ní Mhaonaigh, Marie-Luise Theuerkauf, Dagmar Wodtko, editors (2019), “bláth”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language