brânză

See also: branża

RomanianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compare Megleno-Romanian brǫndză. Often considered to be a substratum word. Other theories suggest, on the basis of what is used to make cheese, a derivation from Latin brandeum (originally meaning a linen covering, later a thin cloth for relic storage) through an intermediate Vulgar Latin root *brandea. For the development of the meaning, compare Spanish manteca, Portuguese manteiga, probably from Latin mantica (sack), Italian formaggio and French fromage from Latin formaticum from forma. [1] Alternatively it was possibly borrowed from Albanian brëndës (intestines). Originally referred to cheeses prepared in a sheep's stomach by reacting with the rennet inside.[2] Likewise, Romanian rânză (tripe) might have come from Albanian rrëndës (rennet). Replaced Romanian caș, which now refers to a specific type of cheese.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈbrɨn.zə/
  • Hyphenation: brân‧ză

NounEdit

brânză f (plural brânzeturi)

  1. (uncountable) cheese
  2. (countable) type of cheese

Usage notesEdit

The singular form is usually used for white cheeses, while cașcaval is used for yellow cheeses. The plural form is used for both.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Austrian German: Brimsen
  • Czech: brynza
  • Russian: брынза (brynza)
  • Slovak: bryndza

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ brânză in DEX online - Dicționare ale limbii române (Dictionaries of the Romanian language)
  2. ^ Vladimir Orel, Albanian Etymological Dictionary, s.v. "brenda" (Leiden: Brill, 1998), 35.