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EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Middle English, from Middle Dutch bolwerk, bolwerc and Middle Low German bolwerk, equivalent to bole (tree trunk) +‎ work. Cognate with German Bollwerk, Danish bolværk, Dutch bolwerk. Doublet of boulevard (from French boulevard, from Dutch); cognate with Portuguese and Spanish baluarte and Italian baluardo.

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈbʊl.wək/
  • (US) enPR: bo͝ol'wərk, bo͝ol'wôrk, IPA(key): /ˈbʊl.wɝk/, /ˈbʊl.wɔɹk/
  • (file)

NounEdit

bulwark (plural bulwarks)

  1. A defensive wall or rampart.
  2. A defense or safeguard.
    • Blackstone
      The royal navy of England hath ever been its greatest defence, [] the floating bulwark of our island.
  3. A breakwater.
  4. (nautical) The planking or plating along the sides of a nautical vessel above her gunwale that reduces the likelihood of seas washing over the gunwales and people being washed overboard.
  5. (figuratively) Any means of defence or security.

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

bulwark (third-person singular simple present bulwarks, present participle bulwarking, simple past and past participle bulwarked)

  1. (transitive) To fortify something with a wall or rampart.
  2. (transitive) To provide protection of defense for something.