See also: Cactus and cáctus

EnglishEdit

 
Saguaro cactus (Ansel Adams, 1941)

EtymologyEdit

From Latin cactus, from Ancient Greek κάκτος (káktos, cardoon), possibly of pre-Greek origin.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkæktəs/, /ˈkæktʊs/
  • (file)
  • (file)

NounEdit

cactus (plural cacti or cactuses or cactusses or cactus)

  1. (botany) Any member of the family Cactaceae, a family of flowering New World succulent plants suited to a hot, semi-desert climate.
  2. Any succulent plant with a thick fleshy stem bearing spines but no leaves, such as euphorbs.

Usage notesEdit

In modern English, the term cactus properly refers to plants belonging to the family Cactaceae. With one exception, all are native to the New World (the Americas). The sole exception is Rhipsalis, a jungle epiphyte found in tropical Africa, Madagascar, and Sri Lanka, as well as North and South America. Informally, cactus is used to refer to any stem succulent adapted to a dry climate, notably species from genus Euphorbia with forms reminiscent of Cactaceae. These succulents are better described as "cactoid" or "cactiform" unless they are actual members of the Cactaceae.

HypernymsEdit

HyponymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Welsh: cactws

TranslationsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

cactus (not comparable)

  1. (Australia, New Zealand, slang) Non-functional, broken, exhausted, dead.
    • 2001 July 8, Dave, “TV Problems”, in aus.electronics, Usenet[1]:
      I wouldn't mind throwing it away if it's cactus except for the VCR part which works fine, so then I'd be up for a new VCR as well.
    • 2004 August 25, AC, “water damage ???”, in alt.cellular.nokia, Usenet[2]:
      I would say it's cactus. Water conducts & destroys components & PCBs very easily. Hence the water-resistant phones.
    • 2009, Will Chaffey, Swimming with Crocodiles: An Australian Adventure[3], page 108:
      ‘It′s cactus,’ Rod, the helicopter pilot, said at the sound of the piston ring shattering.
    • 2018"Fractured", Wentworth
      Michael Armstrong: "Michael Armstrong, I represent Sonia Stevens."
      Sue "Boomer" Jenkins: "Oh, haven't you heard? She cactus."
      Armstrong "Yes, I realize that, and that's a terrible business.

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

See also the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica's article on:

AsturianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkaɡtus/, [ˈkaɣ̞.t̪us]

NounEdit

cactus m (plural cactus)

  1. (botany) cactus (member of the Cactaceae)

CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin cactus, from Ancient Greek κάκτος (káktos, cardoon), of pre-Greek origin.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cactus m (plural cactus)

  1. (botany) cactus (member of the Cactaceae)

Further readingEdit


DutchEdit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin cactus, from Ancient Greek κάκτος (káktos, cardoon), of pre-Greek origin.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɑk.tʏs/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: cac‧tus

NounEdit

cactus m (plural cactussen, diminutive cactusje n)

  1. cactus, plant of the family Cactaceae
    Synonym: cactee

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cactus m (plural cactus)

  1. cactus

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit


ItalianEdit

NounEdit

cactus m (invariable)

  1. cactus

Further readingEdit

  • cactus in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek κάκτος (káktos, cardoon).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cactus m (genitive cactī); second declension

  1. the cardoon, Cynara cardunculus

DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative cactus cactī
Genitive cactī cactōrum
Dative cactō cactīs
Accusative cactum cactōs
Ablative cactō cactīs
Vocative cacte cactī

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • cactus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cactus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French cactus

NounEdit

cactus m (plural cactuși)

  1. cactus

DeclensionEdit


SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From translingual Cactus.[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkaɡtus/, [ˈkaɣ̞.t̪us]
  • Hyphenation: cac‧tus

NounEdit

cactus m (plural cactus)

  1. Alternative form of cacto

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ cactus” in Diccionario panhispánico de dudas, primera edición, Real Academia Española, 2005.

Further readingEdit