English edit

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A candle—a light source

Etymology edit

From Middle English candel, from Old English candel (candle), borrowed from Latin candēla (candle), from Latin candeō (be white, bright, shining, verb); see candid. Doublet of candela and chandelle.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

candle (plural candles)

  1. A light source consisting of a wick embedded in a solid, flammable substance such as wax, tallow, or paraffin.
    light a candle
    blow out the candles on the birthday cake
    snuff out the candle
  2. The protruding, removable portion of a filter, particularly a water filter.
  3. (obsolete) A unit of luminous intensity, now replaced by the SI unit candela.
  4. (forestry) A fast-growing, light-colored, upward-growing shoot on a pine tree in the spring. As growth slows in summer, the shoot darkens and is no longer conspicuous.

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Sranan Tongo: kandra
  • Chichewa: kandulo

Translations edit

Verb edit

candle (third-person singular simple present candles, present participle candling, simple past and past participle candled)

  1. (embryology, transitive) To observe the growth of an embryo inside (an egg), using a bright light source.
  2. (pottery, transitive) To dry (greenware) prior to the firing cycle, setting the kiln at 200° Celsius until all water is removed from the greenware.
  3. (transitive) To check (an item, such as an envelope) by holding it between a light source and the eye.

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit