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See also: Carbon, carbón, and càrbon



Chemical element
C Previous: boron (B)
Next: nitrogen (N)


Borrowed from French carbone, coined by Lavoisier, from Latin carbō, carbōnem (charcoal, coal), from Proto-Indo-European *ker- (to burn), see also Old English heorþ (hearth), Old Norse hyrr (fire), Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌿𐍂𐌹 (hauri, coal), Old High German harsta (roasting), Russian церен (ceren, brazier), Old Church Slavonic крада (krada, hearth, fireplace), Lithuanian kuriu (to heat), karstas (hot) and krosnis (oven), Sanskrit कृष्ण (kṛṣṇa, burnt, black) and कूडयति (kūḍayati, singes), Latin cremō (I consume or destroy by fire, burn; I burn something to ashes; I cremate; I make a burnt offering).



English Wikipedia has an article on:

carbon (countable and uncountable, plural carbons)

  1. (uncountable) The chemical element (symbol C) with an atomic number of 6.
  2. (countable) An atom of this element, in reference to a molecule containing it.
    A methane molecule is made up of a single carbon with four hydrogens.
  3. (countable, informal) A sheet of carbon paper.
    • 1939, Raymond Chandler, The Big Sleep, Penguin 2011, page 51:
      He stepped back and opened his bag and took out a printed pad of D.O.A. forms and began to write over a carbon.
  4. (countable, informal) A carbon copy.
  5. A fossil fuel that is made of impure carbon such as coal or charcoal.
  6. (ecology, uncountable) Carbon dioxide, in the context of global warming and climate change.
  7. A carbon rod or pencil used in an arc lamp.
  8. A plate or piece of carbon used as one of the elements of a voltaic battery.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.


carbon (third-person singular simple present carbons, present participle carboning, simple past and past participle carboned)

  1. (Internet, intransitive) To cause (someone) to receive a carbon copy of an email message.
    When I send it, I'll carbon Julia so she's aware.


See alsoEdit

carbon related terms



Alternative formsEdit



  1. (chemistry) carbon

Usage notesEdit

While kul (coal) is never used to refer to the element of carbon, it may sometimes replace it in names of derivations, such as kuldioxid/carbondioxid, kulsyre, kulilte/carbonmonoxid.




Romanian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ro
Chemical element
C Previous: bor (B)
Next: azot (N)


Borrowed from French carbone, coined by Lavoisier, from Latin carbō, carbōnem (charcoal, coal), from Proto-Indo-European *ker- (to burn). Doublet of cărbune, inherited from the same Latin source.


  • IPA(key): /karˈbon/
  • Hyphenation: car‧bon


carbon n (uncountable)

  1. carbon (chemical element)


carbon in DEX online - Dicționare ale limbii române (Dictionaries of the Romanian language)

Scottish GaelicEdit

Alternative formsEdit


From Latin carbō, carbōnem.


carbon m (genitive singular carboin, no plural)

  1. carbon (element)
    Synonym: gualan

Derived termsEdit


Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
carbon charbon
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.