See also: Castro, castró, and castrò

CatalanEdit

VerbEdit

castro

  1. first-person singular present indicative form of castrar

GalicianEdit

 
Castro de Viladonga's aerials view

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese castro, from Latin castrum. Cognate with Portuguese castro, Spanish castro. See also alcázar, borrowed from Spanish, which entered through Arabic.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

castro m (plural castros)

  1. a local fortified Iron Age village, of which some 3,000 are known in Galicia
  2. (by extension) any fortified archaeological site

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • castro” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • castro” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • castro” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • castro” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • castro” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

ItalianEdit

VerbEdit

castro

  1. first-person singular present indicative of castrare

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *kastrāō, denominative in perhaps from a lost instrumental noun, Proto-Italic *kastrom (knife), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱos-tróm (cutting tool, knife), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱes- (to cut up, to slaughter); compare Sanskrit शस्त्र (śastra, sword, dagger). See also castrum, careō.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

castrō (present infinitive castrāre, perfect active castrāvī, supine castrātum); first conjugation

  1. I prune
  2. I amputate
  3. I punish
  4. I purge
  5. I castrate or spay
    • Late 8th century, unknown author, Lex Frisionum:
      Qui fanum effregerit, et ibi aliquid de sacris tulerit, ducitur ad mare et in sabulo quod accessus maris operire solet, finduntur aures eius et castratur, et immolatur diis quorum templa violavit.
      The person who breaks into a temple and takes away some of its holy contents shall be taken to the sea, to that part of the sand that is covered during flood, where his ears shall be torn and he shall be castrated and be sacrificed to the gods whose temple he violated.
  6. I dock (a tail)

ConjugationEdit

   Conjugation of castrō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present castrō castrās castrat castrāmus castrātis castrant
imperfect castrābam castrābās castrābat castrābāmus castrābātis castrābant
future castrābō castrābis castrābit castrābimus castrābitis castrābunt
perfect castrāvī castrāvistī castrāvit castrāvimus castrāvistis castrāvērunt, castrāvēre
pluperfect castrāveram castrāverās castrāverat castrāverāmus castrāverātis castrāverant
future perfect castrāverō castrāveris castrāverit castrāverimus castrāveritis castrāverint
passive present castror castrāris, castrāre castrātur castrāmur castrāminī castrantur
imperfect castrābar castrābāris, castrābāre castrābātur castrābāmur castrābāminī castrābantur
future castrābor castrāberis, castrābere castrābitur castrābimur castrābiminī castrābuntur
perfect castrātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect castrātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect castrātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present castrem castrēs castret castrēmus castrētis castrent
imperfect castrārem castrārēs castrāret castrārēmus castrārētis castrārent
perfect castrāverim castrāverīs castrāverit castrāverīmus castrāverītis castrāverint
pluperfect castrāvissem castrāvissēs castrāvisset castrāvissēmus castrāvissētis castrāvissent
passive present castrer castrēris, castrēre castrētur castrēmur castrēminī castrentur
imperfect castrārer castrārēris, castrārēre castrārētur castrārēmur castrārēminī castrārentur
perfect castrātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect castrātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present castrā castrāte
future castrātō castrātō castrātōte castrantō
passive present castrāre castrāminī
future castrātor castrātor castrantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives castrāre castrāvisse castrātūrum esse castrārī castrātum esse castrātum īrī
participles castrāns castrātūrus castrātus castrandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
castrandī castrandō castrandum castrandō castrātum castrātū

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


PortugueseEdit

 
Portuguese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pt
 
castro

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Portuguese castro, from Latin castrum, from Proto-Indo-European *kes- (to cut, cut off, separate). Cognate with Galician castro, Spanish castro. Doublet of alcácer, from Arabic.

NounEdit

castro m (plural castros)

  1. fort (of Roman or prehistoric origin)
  2. a fortified pre-Roman Iron Age village frequently found in the northwestern regions of the Iberian Peninsula
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

castro

  1. first-person singular (eu) present indicative of castrar

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Spanish castro, from Latin castrum. Doublet of alcázar, which came through Arabic.

NounEdit

castro m (plural castros)

  1. fort, fortified settlement

Related termsEdit

VerbEdit

castro

  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of castrar.