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EnglishEdit

Old EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *kirlaz, *kerlaz, *kirilaz, later variants of Proto-Germanic *karilaz, akin to Old Frisian tzerl, tzirl (West Frisian tsjirl), Old Norse karl (Danish/Norwegian/Swedish/Danish karl), Old High German karal, Middle Low German kerl (German Kerl).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ċeorl m

  1. a churl, a freedman ranked below a þegn but above a thrall
  2. man
  3. peasant

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle English: cherl, cheorl, churl

ReferencesEdit