cerebrum

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

Learned borrowing from Latin cerebrum (a brain; a skull); see there for more.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cerebrum (plural cerebra or cerebrums)

  1. (neuroanatomy) The principal and most anterior part of the brain in vertebrates, which is located in the front area of the skull and divided into two hemispheres, left and right, separated by a fissure. In humans it is the largest part of the brain and is responsible for the integration of complex sensory functions and the initiation and coordination of voluntary activity, and the higher mental functions such as consciousness, thought, reason, emotion, and memory.
    Synonym: telencephalon
    Holonym: forebrain
    Hyponyms: cerebral hemisphere, cerebral cortex

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LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *kerazrom, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ḱerh₂-. Compare Ancient Greek κᾰ́ρᾱ (kárā, a head, face).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cerebrum n (genitive cerebrī); second declension

  1. a brain
    1. (metonymically) understanding; anger, choler
  2. (anatomy) a skull
  3. (botany) an upper pith
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InflectionEdit

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative cerebrum cerebra
Genitive cerebrī cerebrōrum
Dative cerebrō cerebrīs
Accusative cerebrum cerebra
Ablative cerebrō cerebrīs
Vocative cerebrum cerebra

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ReferencesEdit

  • cerebrum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cerebrum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cerebrum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • cerebrum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • cerebrum in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.