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See also: Cham, ćham, chấm, châm, Châm, chậm, and Cham.

Contents

EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From French cham, from Turkish han (lord, prince) (borrowed into Arabic, Persian, Mongolian etc.).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cham (plural chams)

  1. Archaic spelling of khan.
    • 1840, Thomas Fuller, The History of the Holy War
      But Baiothnoi, chief captain of the Tartarian army (for they were not admitted to speak with the great cham himself), cried quits with this friar, outvying him with the greatness and divinity of their cham; and sent back by them a blunt letter []
  2. An autocrat or dominant critic, especially Samuel Johnson.
    • 1997: "Sitting at a table, drinking Ale, observing the Mist thro’ the Window-Panes, Mason forty-five, the Cham sixty-four." — Thomas Pynchon, Mason & Dixon
    • 2007: The Tonsons [] would publish Johnson's Shakespeare only by subscription, obliging the Great Cham to sell copies well ahead of publication — Michael Dobson, ‘For his Nose was as sharpe as a Pen’, London Review of Books 29:9, p. 3

Etymology 2Edit

See chap.

VerbEdit

cham (third-person singular simple present chams, present participle chamming, simple past and past participle chammed)

  1. (obsolete) To chew.
    • 1531, William Tyndale, Answer to Sir Thomas More's Dialogue
      But he that repenteth toward the law of God, and at the sight of the sacrament, or of the breaking, feeling, eating, chamming, or drinking, calleth to remembrance the death of Christ, his body breaking and blood shedding for our sins [...]

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Vietnamese Chăm, from Eastern Cham Cam.

AdjectiveEdit

cham (feminine singular chame, masculine plural chams, feminine plural chames)

  1. Cham

Etymology 2Edit

From Turkish han (khan).

NounEdit

cham m (plural chams)

  1. khan

Further readingEdit


IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

cham

  1. Lenited form of cam.

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
cam cham gcam
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

MacaneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Portuguese chão (ground), inherited from Latin plānum (level ground)

NounEdit

cham (plural cham-cham)

  1. soil
  2. ground
    Fu-fula semeam na cham di Hoing-GongFlowers picked from the soil of Hong Kong

Middle EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

See ch-.

VerbEdit

cham

  1. I am

Old IrishEdit

AdjectiveEdit

cham

  1. Alternative spelling of chamm: lenited form of cam.

PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /xam/
  • (file)

NounEdit

cham m pers

  1. (derogatory) an arrogant, ill-mannered person
    Synonyms: prostak, prymityw
  2. (archaic) peasant; countryman; person of low birth
    Synonym: wieśniak

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit

  • cham in Polish dictionaries at PWN

PortugueseEdit

NounEdit

cham m (plural chãos)

  1. Obsolete spelling of chão

Scottish GaelicEdit

AdjectiveEdit

cham

  1. Lenited form of cam.

MutationEdit

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
cam cham
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

TzotzilEdit

VerbEdit

cham

  1. (intransitive) to die
    Icham.He/she died.
    Mu me jk'an xicham.[1]
    I do not want to die.
    Synonyms: chʼay, chʼay ikʼ, laj, olan

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Laughlin, Robert M. (1977) Of cabagges and kings: tales from Zinacantán. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, p. 269.