cilinder

DutchEdit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl
 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French cylindre or directly from Latin cylindrus (roller, cylinder), from Ancient Greek κύλινδρος (kúlindros, a cylinder, roller, roll)," from κυλίνδω (kulíndō, to roll).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˌsiˈlɪn.dər/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ci‧lin‧der
  • Rhymes: -ɪndər

NounEdit

cilinder m (plural cilinders, diminutive cilindertje n)

  1. cylinder (geometric three-dimensional solid shape)
  2. certain objects of (roughly) cylindrical shape, e.g. a top hat
  3. cylinder (of an engine)

Derived termsEdit

(all may have a superseded spelling -cylinder-)

DescendantsEdit

  • Afrikaans: silinder

HungarianEdit

 cilinder on Hungarian Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

From German Zylinder, from Latin cylindrus, from Ancient Greek κύλινδρος (kúlindros).[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈt͡silindɛr]
  • Hyphenation: ci‧lin‧der
  • Rhymes: -ɛr

NounEdit

cilinder (plural cilinderek)

  1. (engineering) cylinder (a cylindrical part)
    Synonym: henger
  2. top hat (a man's formal hat, with a tall cylindrical crown)
    Synonym: kürtőkalap
  3. (dialectal, slightly archaic) glass chimney, chimney (the glass flue surrounding the flame of an oil lamp)
    Synonym: lámpaüveg
  4. (computing) cylinder (the corresponding tracks on a vertical arrangement of disks in a disk drive considered as a unit of data capacity)
  5. (pathology) urinary cast, renal cast, renal cylinder (a microscopic cylindrical structure produced by the kidney and present in the urine in the case of some diseases)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative cilinder cilinderek
accusative cilindert cilindereket
dative cilindernek cilindereknek
instrumental cilinderrel cilinderekkel
causal-final cilinderért cilinderekért
translative cilinderré cilinderekké
terminative cilinderig cilinderekig
essive-formal cilinderként cilinderekként
essive-modal
inessive cilinderben cilinderekben
superessive cilinderen cilindereken
adessive cilindernél cilindereknél
illative cilinderbe cilinderekbe
sublative cilinderre cilinderekre
allative cilinderhez cilinderekhez
elative cilinderből cilinderekből
delative cilinderről cilinderekről
ablative cilindertől cilinderektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
cilinderé cilindereké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
cilinderéi cilinderekéi
Possessive forms of cilinder
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. cilinderem cilindereim
cilinderjeim
2nd person sing. cilindered cilindereid
cilinderjeid
3rd person sing. cilindere
cilinderje
cilinderei
cilinderjei
1st person plural cilinderünk cilindereink
cilinderjeink
2nd person plural cilinderetek cilindereitek
cilinderjeitek
3rd person plural cilinderük
cilinderjük
cilindereik
cilinderjeik

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN
  2. ^ cilinder in Tótfalusi, István. Magyar etimológiai nagyszótár (’Hungarian Comprehensive Dictionary of Etymology’). Budapest: Arcanum Adatbázis, 2001; Arcanum DVD Könyvtár →ISBN

Further readingEdit

  • cilinder in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.
  • cilinder in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (’A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress)