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LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From an older, obsolete verb cilt (to rise), or perhaps, via ablaut, from celt (to raise, to lift, to build). The meaning of cilt, “to rise,” is linked to that of “to appear, to originate, to be born;” the original being thus changed from “(where) one rises, is born” to “tribe.” Cognates include Lithuanian kiltìs.[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

NounEdit

cilts f (6th declension)

  1. tribe (group of people with a primitive type of social organization)
    pirmatnējās ciltisprimitive tribes
    klejotāju ciltisnomadic tribes
    mednieku ciltishunter tribes
    sena ciltsancient tribe
    cilts virsaitistribal chieftain
  2. a group of relatives with a common origin or ancestor, a clan, family
    viena asins... viena ciltsone blood... one clan
    sena zvejnieku ciltsan old clan/family of fishermen
  3. (poetic) a group of people united by common ideals, activities, goals
    cilvēku ciltsthe human tribe, humankind

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “cilts”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN