IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish cloch (compare Welsh clog).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cloch f (genitive singular cloiche, nominative plural clocha)

  1. stone
    1. stone (substance; small piece of stone)
    2. stone (central part of some fruits, consisting of the seed and a hard endocarp layer)
    3. (Christianity) bead (in a rosary)
    4. hard lump
    5. (anatomy) testicle
      Synonyms: caid, magairle, úirí
    6. stone (unit of mass)
      Synonym: cloch mheáchain
  2. rocky shore
  3. rocky island
  4. (stone) castle

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

cloch (present analytic clochann, future analytic clochfaidh, verbal noun clochadh, past participle clochta)

  1. (transitive) stone

ConjugationEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
cloch chloch gcloch
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


Old IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *klukā (stone).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cloch f

  1. stone, rock
  2. stone (as material)
  3. precious stone, gem
  4. (Christianity) bead (in a rosary)
  5. something built of stone, castle, fortress, stronghold

InflectionEdit

Feminine ā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative
Vocative
Accusative
Genitive
Dative
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived termsEdit

  • clochach (stony, rocky, adjective)
  • clochaid (stones; covers with stones, verb)
  • clochamail (stony, unyielding, adjective)
  • clochán m (paved road or causeway)
  • clochar m (stony place)
  • clochda (made of stone, stony, adjective)

DescendantsEdit

  • Irish: cloch
  • Manx: clagh
  • Scottish Gaelic: clach

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
cloch chloch cloch
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit


SpanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cloch m (plural cloches)

  1. Alternative form of cloche

WelshEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *klokkos (bell) (compare Cornish clogh, Breton kloc'h, Old Irish cloc, Irish clog).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cloch f (plural clych or clychau)

  1. bell
    1. (figuratively) someone who praises or proclaims
    2. (figuratively) bell-shaped object, especially bubble
    3. (figuratively) bell-like sound or noise, vociferation
  2. prize, feat
  3. o'clock, of the clock

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
cloch gloch nghloch chloch
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950-), “cloch”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies