English edit

Etymology edit

From Middle English clod, a late by-form of clot, from Old English clot, from Proto-West Germanic *klott (mass, ball, clump). Compare clot and cloud; cognate to kloot (clod).

Alternatively, Middle English clod may derive from Old English *clod (found in Old English clodhamer (a kind of thrush) and Clodhangra (a placename)), from Proto-West Germanic *kloddō (lump, clod), from *gel- (to ball up, become lumpy), related to West Frisian klodde (clod, lump), Dutch klodde (lump, blob).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

clod (plural clods)

  1. A lump of something, especially earth or clay.
    • 1667, John Milton, “Book I”, in Paradise Lost. [], London: [] [Samuel Simmons], and are to be sold by Peter Parker []; [a]nd by Robert Boulter []; [a]nd Matthias Walker, [], →OCLC:
      clods of iron and brass
    • 1600, Edward Fairfax (translator), originally published in 1581 by Torquato Tasso, w:Jerusalem Delivered
      clods of blood
    • 1631, Francis [Bacon], “(please specify |century=I to X)”, in Sylua Syluarum: Or A Naturall Historie. In Ten Centuries. [], 3rd edition, London: [] William Rawley; [p]rinted by J[ohn] H[aviland] for William Lee [], →OCLC:
      The earth that casteth up from the plough a great clod, is not so good as that which casteth up a smaller clod.
    • 1903, Warwick Deeping, Uther and Igraine:
      As for yon clod of clay, we will bury it later, lest it should pollute so goodly a pool.
    • 1906, Mark Twain, Eve's Diary:
      One of the clods took it back of the ear, and it used language. It gave me a thrill, for it was the first time I had ever heard speech, except my own.
    • 2010, Clare Vanderpool, Moon Over Manifest:
      "What a bunch of hooey," I said under my breath, tossing a dirt clod over my shoulder against the locked-up garden shed.
  2. The ground; the earth; a spot of earth or turf.
  3. A stupid person; a dolt.
  4. Part of a shoulder of beef, or of the neck piece near the shoulder.

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

Verb edit

clod (third-person singular simple present clods, present participle clodding, simple past and past participle clodded)

  1. (transitive) To pelt with clods.
    • 1906, Mark Twain, Eve's Diary:
      "When I went there yesterday evening in the gloaming it had crept down and was trying to catch the little speckled fishes that play in the pool, and I had to clod it to make it go up the tree again and let them alone."
    • 1959, Louis L'Amour, The First Fast Draw:
      when I came out and started to hoist it to the mule's back they rushed at me and jerked my suspenders down and then they clodded me with chunks of dirt
  2. (transitive, Scotland) To throw violently; to hurl.
  3. To collect into clods, or into a thick mass; to coagulate; to clot.
    • 1610, Giles Fletcher, Christ's Victorie and Triumph:
      Clodded in lumps of clay.

References edit

clod”, in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam, 1913, →OCLC.

Anagrams edit

Middle English edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

A late by-form of clot of unclear provenance. Compare Old English *clod, a form of clot found in compounds and placenames.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

clod (plural cloddes)

  1. A clod; a ball of earth or clay.
  2. (rare) A clot or clump of blood.
  3. (rare) A shoulder of beef.

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • English: clod
  • Scots: clod

References edit

Welsh edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Brythonic *klod, from Proto-Celtic *klutom (rumour; fame), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱlew- (heard, famous) (whence also clywed (to hear)).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

clod m (plural clodydd)

  1. praise, renown, credit
  2. distinction (in exam results)

Derived terms edit

Mutation edit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
clod glod nghlod chlod
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading edit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “clod”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies