comestible

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Middle French comestible, or its source, Medieval Latin comestibilis, from Latin comedō (I eat), from com- (English com-) + edō (I eat) (as in English edible), from Proto-Indo-European (whence also English eat). Cognate with Spanish comestible (grocery).

Attested as adjective in late 15th century, from Middle French, but fell from use in the 17th century, thence reintroduced from Modern French in 19th century.[1]

Corresponding terms in various Romance languages, more distant cognates include Portuguese and Spanish comida.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /kəˈmɛstəbl̩/
    • (file)
  • (Received Pronunciation, also) IPA(key): /kəˈmɛstɪbl̩/
  • Hyphenation US: co‧mes‧ti‧ble; UK: com‧est‧ible

AdjectiveEdit

comestible (comparative more comestible, superlative most comestible)

  1. Suitable to be eaten; edible. [From 15th c.]
    • (Can we date this quote by Sir T. Elyot and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)
      Some herbs are most comestible.
    • 1972 March 6, Richard W. Langer, Sage, Rosemary and Thyme: Growing Your Own Fresh Herbs, New York, page 40,
      What with freeze-dried chives costing $96 a pound, and those snipped fresh for the omelette from the potted garden on the kitchen ledge almost free, the bountiful begonia has given way in many apartments to more comestible greenery.
    • 1993, M. J. Trow, Lestrade and the Sawdust Ring, 2000, page 112,
      Lestrade raised his mug in a loyal toast while Lady Pauline saw to the more comestible sort for breakfast.
    • 2007, Rene Simo, The Little Gringo: Love and Martyrdom in Cameroon, page 12,
      From the palm nut we derive palm oil, the most comestible oil in our country and in the whole of Africa.

Usage notesEdit

Relatively formal; edible is the usual term, while eatable is rather informal.

SynonymsEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

comestible (plural comestibles)

  1. (chiefly in the plural) Anything that can be eaten; food. [From 19th c.]
    Synonyms: foodstuff, sustenance, victuals; see also Thesaurus:food
    • 1910, Frank Richards, The Greyfriar′s Picnic:
      Comestibles of all sorts came to view, and a smell of cooking spread itself among the trees.
    • 1986 February, Joan Fox, Restaurants: Just Like Mama Used to Cook, Cincinnati Magazine, page 116,
      Both serve up, with no fanfare, country comestibles.
    • June 4th, 1989, “Pete Granger” (username), Hack Tutorial, Part 03/03, rec.games.hack:
      For instance, a food ration can be polymorphed into a carrot, a tripe ration, or any other comestible.
    • 2003, Priscilla Boniface, Tasting Tourism: Travelling for Food and Drink, page 74,
      Precisely that, for example, homemade food, craft pottery, rough-hewn wood furniture, and consumption of comestibles in a barn, are not the usual daily experience is the reason it is fun, enticing and a contrast for a person when on holiday.

Usage notesEdit

Rather formal; the simple term food is far more common. Similarly, the term beverage often serves as a formal equivalent of the more common drink. In both cases, the more elevated term (comestible, beverage) is of French origin, while the plain term (food, drink) is of Old English origin, and this stylistic difference by origin is common; see list of English words with dual French and Anglo-Saxon variations.

Coordinate termsEdit

  • beverage (relatively formal term for something intended to be drunk)

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ comestible” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001–2020.

AsturianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Medieval Latin comestibilis, from Latin comedō (I eat).

AdjectiveEdit

comestible (epicene, plural comestibles)

  1. edible (that can be eaten without harm; suitable for consumption)

CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Medieval Latin comestibilis, from Latin comedō (I eat).

AdjectiveEdit

comestible (masculine and feminine plural comestibles)

  1. comestible
    Synonym: menjable

AntonymsEdit

NounEdit

comestible m (plural comestibles)

  1. (in the plural) comestibles, edibles

Further readingEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Medieval Latin comestibilis, from Latin comedō (I eat).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

comestible (plural comestibles)

  1. comestible

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Further readingEdit


GalicianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Medieval Latin comestibilis, from Latin comedō (I eat).

AdjectiveEdit

comestible m or f (plural comestibles)

  1. edible

AntonymsEdit

NounEdit

comestible m (plural comestibles)

  1. (usually in the plural) comestible, edible

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


OccitanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Medieval Latin comestibilis, from Latin comedō (I eat).

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

AdjectiveEdit

comestible m (feminine singular comestibla, masculine plural comestibles, feminine plural comestiblas)

  1. edible

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Medieval Latin comestibilis, from Latin comedō (I eat).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /komesˈtible/, [komesˈt̪iβle]

AdjectiveEdit

comestible (plural comestibles)

  1. edible, eatable, comestible

NounEdit

comestible m (plural comestibles)

  1. (chiefly in the plural) food, comestible
  2. grocery

Usage notesEdit

AntonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit