From Middle English commissioun, from Old French commission, from Latin commissiō (“sending together; commission”), from prefix com- (“with”) + noun of action missiō (“sending”), from perfect passive participle missus (“sent”), from the verb mittō (“to send”) + noun of action suffix -iō.
commission (countable and uncountable, plural commissions)
- A sending or mission (to do or accomplish something).
- An official charge or authority to do something, often used of military officers.
- David received his commission after graduating from West Point.
- c. 1593 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Tragedy of Richard the Third: […]”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act I, scene iv]:
- Let him see our commission.
- 1726 October 28, [Jonathan Swift], “The Emperor of Lilliput, Attended by Several of the Nobility, Come to See the Author in His Confinement. […]”, in Travels into Several Remote Nations of the World. […] [Gulliver’s Travels], volume I, London: […] Benj[amin] Motte, […], →OCLC, part I (A Voyage to Lilliput), page 43:
- This is an exact Inventory of what we found about the Body of the Man-Mountain, who uſed us with great Civility, and due Reſpect to your Majefty's Commiſſion.
- The thing to be done as agent for another.
- I have three commissions for the city.
- A body or group of people, officially tasked with carrying out a particular function.
- the European Commission
- the Electoral Commission
- the Federal Communications Commission
- The company's sexual harassment commission made sure that every employee completed the on-line course.
- 1855–1858, William H[ickling] Prescott, History of the Reign of Philip the Second, King of Spain, volume (please specify |volume=I to III), Boston, Mass.: Phillips, Sampson, and Company, →OCLC:
- A commission was at once appointed to examine into the matter.
- Synonym: committee
- A fee charged by an agent or broker for carrying out a transaction.
- Hyponyms: (to a broker) brokerage, (to a shroff) shroffage
- a reseller's commission
- The real-estate broker charged a four percent commission for their knowledge on bidding for commercial properties; for their intellectual perspective on making a formal offer and the strategy to obtain a mutually satisfying deal with the seller in favour of the buyer.
- 1935, G. K. Chesterton, The Scandal of Father Brown:
- [T]he scandal was the pretty common one of a corrupt agreement between hotel proprietors and a salesman who took and gave secret commissions, so that his business had a monopoly of all the drink sold in the place.
- The act of committing (e.g. a crime or error).
- the commission, preparation or instigation of an act of terrorism
- 1692–1717, Robert South, Twelve Sermons Preached upon Several Occasions, 6th edition, volume (please specify |volume=I to VI), London: […] J[ames] Bettenham, for Jonah Bowyer, […], published 1727, →OCLC:
- Every commission of sin introduces into the soul a certain degree of hardness.
- Antonym: omission
- → Punjabi: ਕਮਿਸ਼ਨ (kamiśan)
the thing to be done as agent for another
body of officials
the act of committing
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
commission (third-person singular simple present commissions, present participle commissioning, simple past and past participle commissioned)
- (transitive) To send or officially charge someone or some group to do something.
- James Bond was commissioned with recovering the secret documents.
- 2012, August 1. Owen Gibson in Guardian Unlimited, London 2012: rowers Glover and Stanning win Team GB's first gold medal
- Stanning, who was commissioned from Sandhurst in 2008 and has served in Afghanistan, is not the first solider[sic – meaning soldier] to bail out the organisers at these Games but will be among the most celebrated.
- (transitive) To place an order for (often a piece of art).
- He commissioned a replica of the Mona Lisa for his living room, but the painter gave up after six months.
- (transitive, especially of a ship or boat) To put into active service.
- The aircraft carrier was commissioned in 1944, during WWII.
- 2023 March 8, Chris Howe, “Building the platform for Old Oak Common's platforms”, in RAIL, number 978, page 60:
- The 1.7 mile-long conveyor system was commissioned in November 2022, and will remove one million lorry movements from the roads around West London.
send to do something
order a work of art
put into active service
Borrowed from Latin commissiōnem.
commission f (plural commissions)
- commission (fee charged by an agent or broker for carrying out a transaction)
- “commission”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé [Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.