Borrowed from Old French commission, from Latin commissiō (“sending together; commission”), from prefix com- (“with”), + noun of action missiō (“sending”), from perfect passive participle missus (“sent”), from the verb mittō (“to send”), + noun of action suffix -iō.
commission (countable and uncountable, plural commissions)
- A sending or mission (to do or accomplish something).
- An official charge or authority to do something, often used of military officers.
David received his commission after graduating from West Point.
c. 1593, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedy of Richard the Third: […]”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene 4]:
Let him see our commission.
- The thing to be done as agent for another.
I have three commissions for the city.
- A body or group of people, officially tasked with carrying out a particular function.
the European Commission
the Electoral Commission
the Federal Communications Commission
The company's sexual harassment commission made sure that every employee completed the on-line course.
- 1856-1858, William H. Prescott, History of the Reign of Philip II
- A commission was at once appointed to examine into the matter.
- Synonyms: committee, government body
- A fee charged by an agent or broker for carrying out a transaction.
a reseller's commission
The real-estate broker charged a four percent commission for their knowledge on bidding for commercial properties; for their intellectual perspective on making a formal offer and the strategy to obtain a mutually satisfying deal with the seller in favour of the buyer.
- Hyponyms: brokerage (to a broker), shroffage (to a shroff)
- The act of committing (e.g. a crime).
the commission, preparation or instigation of an act of terrorism
1698, Robert South, Twelve Sermons upon Several Subjects and Occasions:
- Every commission of sin introduces into the soul a certain degree of hardness.
- Antonym: omission
the thing to be done as agent for another
- Arabic: عُمُولَة f (ʿumūla)
- Bulgarian: комисио́нна (bg) f (komisiónna)
- Catalan: comissió (ca) f
- Mandarin: 佣金 (zh) (yòngjīn)
- Czech: provize f
- Danish: kommission, provision c
- Dutch: afsluitprovisie (nl) f, afsluitpremie f, commissie (nl) f
- Finnish: komissio (fi), provisio (fi), välityspalkkio (fi)
- French: commission (fr) f, (please verify) commission d'agent immobilier f, courtage (fr) m
- German: Abschlußprämie f, Abschlußprovision f, Provision (de) f
- Greek: προμήθεια (el) f (promítheia)
- Indonesian: komisi (id), kamsen (id)
- Irish: coimisiún m
- Italian: commissione (it) f
- Japanese: 手数料 (tesūryō)
- Luhya: ekodi
- Malay: komisyen
- Maori: tiringa
commission (third-person singular simple present commissions, present participle commissioning, simple past and past participle commissioned)
- (transitive) To send or officially charge someone or some group to do something.
James Bond was commissioned with recovering the secret documents.
- (transitive) To place an order for (often piece of art)
He commissioned a replica of the Mona Lisa for his living room, but the painter gave up after six months.
- (transitive) To put into active service
The aircraft carrier was commissioned in 1944, during WWII.