A calque of the German word Kommunismus (from Marx and Engels's Manifesto of the Communist Party, published in 1848), in turn a calque of the French word communisme, which was formed from commun (“common”) (from Latin commūnis) and the suffix -isme (“-ism”).
- Any political ideology or philosophy advocating holding the production of resources collectively.
- Synonym: aspheterism (dated, rare)
- 1932, D. H. Lawrence, The Letters of D.H. Lawrence, Edited by A. Huxley, page 219:
- I want to gather together about twenty souls and sail away from this world of war and squalor and found a little colony where there shall be no money but a sort of communism as far as necessaries of life go, and some real decency.
- Any political social system that implements a communist political philosophy.
- The international socialist society where classes, money, and the state no longer exist.
- See also the definitions of Communism.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- "communism" in Raymond Williams, Keywords (revised), 1983, Fontana Press, page 73.