condition

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English condicioun, from Old French condicion (French condition), from Latin condicio. Unetymological change in spelling due to confusion with conditio.

PronunciationEdit

  • enPR: kəndĭshʹən, IPA(key): /kənˈdɪʃən/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪʃən

NounEdit

condition (countable and uncountable, plural conditions)

  1. A logical clause or phrase that a conditional statement uses. The phrase can either be true or false.
  2. A requirement or requisite.
    Environmental protection is a condition for sustainability.
    What other planets might have the right conditions for life?
    The union had a dispute over sick time and other conditions of employment.
  3. (law) A clause in a contract or agreement indicating that a certain contingency may modify the principal obligation in some way.
  4. The health status of a medical patient.
    Synonym: fettle
    My aunt couldn’t walk up the stairs in her condition.
  5. A certain abnormal state of health; a malady or sickness.
  6. The state or quality.
    National reports on the condition of public education are dismal.
    The condition of man can be classified as civilized or uncivilized.
  7. A particular state of being.
    Hypnosis is a peculiar condition of the nervous system.
    Steps were taken to ameliorate the condition of slavery.
    Security is defined as the condition of not being threatened.
    Aging is a condition over which we are powerless.
  8. (obsolete) The situation of a person or persons, particularly their social and/or economic class, rank.
    A man of his condition has no place to make request.
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, “Containing Various Matters”, in The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling, volume VI, London: A[ndrew] Millar [], OCLC 928184292, page 142:
      [T]his Zeal was now inflamed by Lady Bellaſton, who had told her the preceding Evening, that ſhe was well ſatiſfied from the Conduct of Sophia, and from her Carriage to his Lordſhip, that all Delays would be dangerous, and that the only Way to ſucceed, was to preſs the Match forward with ſuch Rapidity, that the young Lady ſhould have no Time to reflect, and be obliged to conſent while ſhe ſcarce knew what ſhe did. In which Manner, ſhe ſaid, one half of the Marriages among People of Condition were brought about.

HyponymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

condition (third-person singular simple present conditions, present participle conditioning, simple past and past participle conditioned)

  1. To subject to the process of acclimation.
    I became conditioned to the absence of seasons in San Diego.
  2. To subject to different conditions, especially as an exercise.
    They were conditioning their shins in their karate class.
  3. To make dependent on a condition to be fulfilled; to make conditional on.
  4. (transitive) To place conditions or limitations upon.
    • 1842, Alfred Tennyson, “The Golden Year”, in Poems. [], volume II, 4th edition, London: Edward Moxon, [], published 1846, OCLC 223285971, page 89:
      Yet seas that daily gain upon the shore / Have ebb and flow conditioning their march, / And slow and sure comes up the golden year.
  5. To shape the behaviour of someone to do something.
  6. (transitive) To treat (the hair) with hair conditioner.
  7. (transitive) To contract; to stipulate; to agree.
  8. (transitive) To test or assay, as silk (to ascertain the proportion of moisture it contains).
    (Can we find and add a quotation of McElrath to this entry?)
  9. (US, colleges, transitive) To put under conditions; to require to pass a new examination or to make up a specified study, as a condition of remaining in one's class or in college.
    to condition a student who has failed in some branch of study
  10. To impose upon an object those relations or conditions without which knowledge and thought are alleged to be impossible.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French condition, from Old French condicion, Borrowed from Latin condiciō, condiciōnis.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

condition f (plural conditions)

  1. term, condition
  2. condition, state
    en bonne condition - In good condition
  3. social status, walk of life
    Le couple se contentait de soirées entre amis de conditions diverses. — The couple was content with partying with friends from all walks of life.

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


Middle FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French condicion, from Latin condicio

NounEdit

condition f (plural conditions)

  1. condition (state, quality)

DescendantsEdit

  • French: condition