confuse

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Back formation from Middle English confused ("frustrated, ruined"), from Anglo-Norman confus, from Latin confusus, past participle of confundō.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /kənˈfjuːz/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -uːz

VerbEdit

confuse (third-person singular simple present confuses, present participle confusing, simple past and past participle confused)

  1. (transitive) to puzzle, perplex, baffle, bewilder (somebody); to afflict by being complicated, contradictory, or otherwise difficult to understand
    It confused me when I went to the office and nobody was there, but then I realised it was Sunday.
  2. (transitive) To mix up, muddle up (one thing with another); to mistake (one thing for another).
    People who say "hola" to Italians are confusing Italian with Spanish.
  3. (transitive) To mix thoroughly; to confound; to disorder.
  4. (transitive, dated) To make uneasy and ashamed; to embarrass.
  5. (transitive, obsolete) To rout; discomfit.
  6. (intransitive) To be confused.

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • confuse at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • confuse in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

confuse

  1. feminine singular of confus

ItalianEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

confuse f pl

  1. feminine plural of confuso

AdjectiveEdit

confuse f pl

  1. feminine plural of confuso

VerbEdit

confuse

  1. third-person singular past historic of confondere

LatinEdit

ParticipleEdit

cōnfūse

  1. vocative masculine singular of cōnfūsus

ReferencesEdit

  • confuse in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • confuse in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • confuse in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • confuse in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette