consume

See also: consumé

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English consumen, from Old French consumer, from Latin cōnsūmere.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

consume (third-person singular simple present consumes, present participle consuming, simple past and past participle consumed)

  1. (transitive) To use up.
    The power plant consumes 30 tons of coal per hour.
  2. (transitive) To eat.
    Baby birds consume their own weight in food each day.
  3. (transitive) To completely occupy the thoughts or attention of.
    Desire consumed him.
  4. (transitive) To destroy completely.
    The building was consumed by fire.
  5. (intransitive, obsolete) To waste away slowly.
    • 1598–1599 (first performance), William Shakespeare, “Much Adoe about Nothing”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act III, scene i]:
      Therefore, let Benedick, like cover'd fire, / Consume away in sighs.
    • 1748, Samuel Richardson, Clarissa, Letter 441:
      But, sir, you see how weak I am. You must see that I have been consuming from day to day [] .
    • 1899, Kate Chopin, The Awakening:
      He assured her the child was consuming at that moment in the next room.
  6. (economics, transitive, intransitive) To trade money for good or services as an individual.
    In a materialistic society, individuals are taught to consume, consume, consume.
    If you consume this product while in Japan, you may be subject to consumption tax.
  7. (transitive) To absorb information, especially through the mass media.
    The Internet has changed the way we consume news.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

consume

  1. first-person singular present indicative of consumer
  2. third-person singular present indicative of consumer
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of consumer
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of consumer
  5. second-person singular imperative of consumer

AnagramsEdit


GalicianEdit

VerbEdit

consume

  1. second-person singular imperative of consumir

LatinEdit

VerbEdit

cōnsūme

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of cōnsūmō

PortugueseEdit

VerbEdit

consume

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of consumar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of consumar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of consumar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of consumar

SpanishEdit

VerbEdit

consume

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of consumir.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of consumir.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of consumir.

VerbEdit

consume

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of consumar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of consumar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of consumar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of consumar.