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From Old French consumer, from Latin cōnsūmēre.


  • (UK) IPA(key): /kənˈsjuːm/
  • (US) enPR: kən-so͞om, IPA(key): /kənˈsuːm/
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consume (third-person singular simple present consumes, present participle consuming, simple past and past participle consumed)

  1. (transitive) To use up.
    The power plant consumes 30 tons of coal per hour.
  2. (transitive) To eat.
    Baby birds consume their own weight in food each day.
  3. (transitive) To completely occupy the thoughts or attention of.
    Desire consumed him.
  4. (transitive) To destroy completely.
    The building was consumed by fire.
    • Shakespeare
      If he were putting to my house the brand / That shall consume it.
    • Bible, Matthew vi. 20
      Lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust doth consume.
  5. (intransitive, obsolete) To waste away slowly.
    • Shakespeare
      Therefore, let Benedick, like cover'd fire, / Consume away in sighs.
    • 1899, Kate Chopin, The Awakening:
      He assured her the child was consuming at that moment in the next room.
  6. (economics, transitive, intransitive) To trade money for good or services as an individual.
    In a materialistic society, individuals are taught to consume, consume, consume.
    If you consume this product while in Japan, you may be subject to consumption tax.
  7. (transitive) To absorb information, especially through the mass media.
    The Internet has changed the way we consume news.


Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.









  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of consumir.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of consumir.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of consumir.



  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of consumar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of consumar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of consumar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of consumar.