See also: consumé
From Middle English consumen, from Old French consumer, from Latin cōnsūmere, cōnsūmō, from con- (“with, together”) + sūmō (“take; consume”), from sub- + emō (“to buy, take”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁em- (“to take, distribute”), possibly related to the root *nem- (“to take or give one's due”).
- (Received Pronunciation, UK, General Australian) IPA(key): /kənˈsjuːm/
- (UK, General Australian) IPA(key): /kənˈʃuːm/
- (US) enPR: kən-so͞om, IPA(key): /kənˈsum/
Audio (US) (file) Audio (UK) (file)
- Rhymes: -uːm
consume (third-person singular simple present consumes, present participle consuming, simple past and past participle consumed)
- (transitive) To use up.
- The power plant consumes 30 tons of coal per hour.
- (transitive) To eat.
- Baby birds consume their own weight in food each day.
- 2017, BioWare, Mass Effect: Andromeda (Science Fiction), Redwood City: Electronic Arts, →OCLC, PC, scene: Andromeda Wildlife: Overview Codex entry:
- Concerns were raised around the ability of Milky Way species to consume proteins from Andromeda, so seed banks formed a significant part of the arks' cargo. We now know it is safe to consume food grown or hunted here, though enzyme supplements are recommended and have become a social norm at mealtimes.
- (transitive) To completely occupy the thoughts or attention of.
- Desire consumed him.
- (transitive) To destroy completely.
- The building was consumed by fire.
- c. 1608–1609 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Tragedy of Coriolanus”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act IV, scene vi]:
- If he were putting to my house the brand / That shall consume it.
- 1900, The New Covenant Commonly Called the New Testament of Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ (American Standard Version), New York: Thomas Nelson & Sons, Matthew 6:19–20:
- Lay not up for yourselves treasures upon the earth, where moth and rust consume, and where thieves break through and steal: but lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust doth consume, and where thieves do not break through to steal: […]
- (intransitive, obsolete) To waste away slowly.
- 1598–1599 (first performance), William Shakespeare, “Much Adoe about Nothing”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act III, scene i]:
- Therefore, let Benedick, like cover'd fire, / Consume away in sighs.
- 1748, [Samuel Richardson], “Letter CDXLI”, in Clarissa. Or, The History of a Young Lady: […], volume (please specify |volume=I to VII), London: […] S[amuel] Richardson; […], →OCLC:
- But, sir, you see how weak I am. You must see that I have been consuming from day to day […] .
- 1899, Kate Chopin, The Awakening:
- He assured her the child was consuming at that moment in the next room.
- (economics, transitive, intransitive) To trade money for good or services as an individual.
- In a materialistic society, individuals are taught to consume, consume, consume.
- If you consume this product while in Japan, you may be subject to consumption tax.
- (transitive) To absorb information, especially through the mass media.
- The Internet has changed the way we consume news.
- (use): burn (of energy), use, use up
- (eat): devour, eat, swallow
- (occupy): occupy, overcome, take over
- (destroy): annihilate, destroy, devastate, eliminate, obliterate, raze (of a building), wipe out
trade money for good or services
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
Translations to be checked
- inflection of consumer:
- inflection of consumar:
- inflection of consumir:
- inflection of consumar: