From con- (“with, together”) + tendō (“stretch, extend; contend”).
contendō (present infinitive contendere, perfect active contendī, supine contentum); third conjugation
- I hurry
- I stretch, draw tight, make taut, strain.
- I place together in comparison, compare, contrast.
- (music) I tune (by stretching the strings).
- (of weapons) I shoot, hurl, dart, throw.
- (of places) I extend, reach, stretch.
- (with infinitive) I exert myself vigorously to do something, apply myself with zeal to, go to.
- (in auctions) I vie with in bidding, bid against.
- (with accusative or infinitive) I assert, affirm earnestly, maintain or contend energetically.
- (intransitive) I dispute, fight, contend against, compete, vie with.
- (intransitive, often with ab) I demand, ask, solicit, entreat, beg earnestly, seek to gain.
- (intransitive, figuratively) I exert, pursue or strive for eagerly, strain eagerly, stretch.
- (intransitive, figuratively) I seek to arrive at, march, journey hastily to, hasten, press forward, go, advance rapidly.
- contendo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- contendo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- contendo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
- Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book, London: Macmillan and Co.
- to strain every nerve, do one's utmost in a matter: omnes nervos in aliqua re contendere
- to strain every nerve, do one's utmost in a matter: omnibus viribusor nervis contendere, ut
- to strain every nerve, do one's utmost in a matter: contendere et laborare, ut
- to contend with some one for the pre-eminence: contendere cum aliquo de principatu (Nep. Arist. 1)
- to change one's route and march towards..: averso itinere contendere in...
- to give battle with a cavalry-division: proelio equestri contendere
- to row hard: remis contendere
- (ambiguous) to be contented: rebus suis, sorte sua contentum esse
- (ambiguous) to be satisfied with a little: paucis, parvo contentum esse
- (ambiguous) to be content with 12 per cent at compound interest: centesimis cum anatocismo contentum esse (Att. 5. 21. 12)