coutume

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

PIE word
*ḱóm
PIE word
*swé

From Old French coustume, from a Vulgar Latin *cōnsuētūmen or *costūmen, from Latin cōnsuētūdinem, accusative singular of cōnsuētūdō (custom, habit), from cōnsuēscō (accustom, habituate), from con- (with) + suēscō (become used or accustomed to). First element con- derives from cum, from Old Latin com, from Proto-Italic *kom, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱóm (with, along). Second element suēscō is from Proto-Indo-European *swe-dʰh₁-sk-, from *swé (self) + *dʰeh₁- (to put, place, set); related to Latin suus (one's own, his own). Compare also Medieval Latin costuma. Doublet of costume and consuétude. Cognate with Spanish costumbre, Catalan costum.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ku.tym/
  • (file)

NounEdit

coutume f (plural coutumes)

  1. custom

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Danish: kutyme
  • Esperanto: kutimo

Further readingEdit