English edit

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Some crayfish.

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Alteration (by folk etymology, influenced by fish) of Middle English crevis, from Old French crevice ("crayfish"; > Modern French: écrevisse), from Frankish *krebitja (crayfish), diminutive of Frankish *krebit (crab), from Proto-Germanic *krabitaz (crab, cancer), from Proto-Indo-European *gerbʰ-, *gerebʰ- (to scratch, crawl). Akin to Old High German krebiz ("edible crustacean, crab"; > Modern German Krebs (crab)), Middle Low German krēvet (crab), Dutch kreeft (crayfish, lobster), Old English crabba (crab). More at crab.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɹeɪˌfɪʃ/
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Noun edit

crayfish (plural crayfishes or crayfish)

  1. Any of numerous freshwater decapod crustaceans in superfamily Astacoidea or Parastacoidea, resembling the related lobster but usually much smaller.
    1. (New England, Pennsylvania, Upper Midwestern US) A freshwater crustacean (family Cambaridae), sometimes used as an inexpensive seafood or as fish bait.
  2. (Australia, New Zealand, South Africa) A rock lobster (family Palinuridae).
  3. (Australia) A freshwater crayfish (family Parastacidae), such as the gilgie, marron, or yabby.
  4. (Singapore) The species Thenus orientalis of the slipper lobster family (Scyllaridae).

Usage notes edit

Within the US, the term crayfish predominates in the region of New England and in New York, Pennsylvania, Michigan, Wisconsin, and Minnesota. In much of the United States—in the South, especially in Louisiana and Texas; in the Midwest and in the West—crawfish predominates. In a belt stretching across Kentucky through Missouri, Arkansas, Kansas, and Oklahoma, and in Oregon and northern California, the term crawdad predominates.[1]

Synonyms edit

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Translations edit

Verb edit

crayfish (third-person singular simple present crayfishes, present participle crayfishing, simple past and past participle crayfished)

  1. To catch crayfish.
  2. Alternative form of crawfish (to backpedal, desert, or withdraw)

Translations edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ “Archived copy”, in (Please provide the book title or journal name)[1], 2013 July 29 (last accessed), archived from the original on 6 June 2013

Further reading edit