See also: Crux

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin crux (cross, wooden frame for execution), from the Proto-Indo-European *(s)ker- (to turn, to bend). Doublet of cross.

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /kɹʌks/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʌks

NounEdit

crux (plural cruxes or cruces)

  1. The basic, central, or essential point or feature.
    Synonyms: core, gist; see also Thesaurus:gist
    The crux of her argument was that the roadways needed repair before anything else could be accomplished.
  2. The critical or transitional moment or issue, a turning point.
    • 1993, Laurence M. Porter, "Real Dreams, Literary Dreams, and the Fantastic in Literature", pages 32-47 in Carol Schreier Rupprecht (ed.) The Dream and the Text: Essays on Literature and Language.
      The mad certitude of the ogre, Abel Tiffauges, that he stands at the crux of history and that he will be able to raise Prussia "to a higher power" (p. 180), contrasts sharply with the anxiety and doubt attendant upon most modern literary dreams.
  3. A puzzle or difficulty.
    • 1775, Thomas Sheridan, Lectures on the Art of Reading
      What I have advanced upon this species of verse will contribute to solve a poetical problem, thrown out by Dryden as a crux to his brethren
    • 1860, Marian Evans (translator), The Life of Jesus, Critically Examined (originally by David Strauss)
      The perpetual crux of New Testament chronologists.
  4. (climbing) The hardest point of a climb.
    • 1907, The Alpine Journal, vol. 23. [1]
      the real crux of the climb was encountered
    • 1973, Pat Armstrong, "Klondike Fever: Seventy Years Too Late", in Backpacker, Autumn 1973, page 84:
      The final half-mile was the crux of the climb.
    • 2004, Craig Luebben, Rock Climbing: Mastering Basic Skills, The Mountaineers Books, →ISBN, page 179:
      Most pitches have a distinct crux, or tough spot; some have multiple cruxes. [] ¶ Climb efficiently on the "cruiser" sections to stay fresh for the cruxes.
    • 2009, R. J. Secor, The High Sierra: Peaks, Passes, and Trails, Third Edition, The Mountaineers Books, →ISBN, page 51:
      Continue climbing the groove; the crux is passing some vegetation on the second pitch.
  5. (heraldry) A cross on a coat of arms.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • French: crux

TranslationsEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin crux or English crux, in the phrase crux interpretum.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

crux f (plural cruces or cruxen)

  1. crucial or otherwise serious, difficult problem

LatinEdit

 
Latin Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia la

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *kruks, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)ker- (to turn, to bend).[1] Possible cognate with Latin circus (circle) and curvus (curve).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

crux f (genitive crucis); third declension

  1. wooden frame on which criminals were crucified, especially a cross
  2. (derogatory) gallows bird; one who deserves to be hanged
  3. (figuratively) torture; misery

DeclensionEdit

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative crux crucēs
Genitive crucis crucum
Dative crucī crucibus
Accusative crucem crucēs
Ablative cruce crucibus
Vocative crux crucēs

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Borrowings

Unsorted borrowings

ReferencesEdit

  • crux in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • crux in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • crux in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • crux in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to threaten some one with death, crucifixion, torture, war: minitari (minari) alicui mortem, crucem et tormenta, bellum
    • to crucify: in crucem agere, tollere aliquem
    • to crucify: cruci suffigere aliquem
  • crux in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • crux in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  1. ^ Pokorny 611