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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French cylindre, from Latin cylindrus, from Ancient Greek κύλινδρος (kúlindros), from κυλίνδω (kulíndō) "I roll or wallow" (intransitive).

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈsɪlɪndə(ɹ)/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈsɪləndɚ/, [ˈsɪlɪ̈ndɚ]
  • (file)

NounEdit

 
A drawing of a cylinder showing the height at the center.

cylinder (plural cylinders)

  1. (geometry) A surface created by projecting a closed two-dimensional curve along an axis intersecting the plane of the curve.
    When the two-dimensional curve is a circle, the cylinder is called a circular cylinder. When the axis is perpendicular to the plane of the curve, the cylinder is called a right cylinder. In non-mathematical usage, both right and circular are usually implied.
  2. (geometry) A solid figure bounded by a cylinder and two parallel planes intersecting the cylinder.
  3. Any object in the form of a circular cylinder.
    • 1898H. G. Wells, The War of the Worlds Ch.4
      A big greyish rounded bulk, the size, perhaps, of a bear, was rising slowly and painfully out of the cylinder.
  4. A cylindrical cavity or chamber in a mechanism, such as the counterpart to a piston found in a piston-driven engine.
  5. (automotive) The space in which a piston travels inside a reciprocating engine or pump.
  6. A container in the form of a cylinder with rounded ends for storing pressurized gas; a gas cylinder.
  7. An early form of phonograph recording, made on a wax cylinder.
  8. The part of a revolver that contains chambers for the cartridges.
  9. (computing) The corresponding tracks on a vertical arrangement of disks in a disk drive considered as a unit of data capacity.

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

VerbEdit

cylinder (third-person singular simple present cylinders, present participle cylindering, simple past and past participle cylindered)

  1. (transitive) To calender; to press (paper, etc.) between rollers to make it glossy.

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin cylindrus, from Ancient Greek κύλινδρος (kúlindros).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /sylenər/, [syˈlenˀɐ] or IPA(key): /sylendər/, [syˈlenˀd̥ɐ]

NounEdit

cylinder c (singular definite cylinderen, plural indefinite cylindere or cylindre)

  1. cylinder

InflectionEdit

Further readingEdit


SwedishEdit

 
Swedish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sv

NounEdit

cylinder c

  1. (geometry) a cylinder
  2. (mechanics) a cylinder (part of an engine)
  3. a top hat

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit