decimus

See also: Decimus

LatinEdit

Latin numbers (edit)
100
 ←  9 X
10
11  → 
1
    Cardinal: decem
    Ordinal: decimus
    Adverbial: deciēns
    Multiplier: decuplus, decuplex, decemplus, decemplex
    Distributive: dēnī
    Fractional: decima, decimus

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *dekamos, from *dekm (ten), from Proto-Indo-European *déḱm̥. Cognate to Latin decem.

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

decimus (feminine decima, neuter decimum); first/second-declension numeral

  1. tenth; the ordinal number after nonus and before undecimus

DeclensionEdit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative decimus decima decimum decimī decimae decima
Genitive decimī decimae decimī decimōrum decimārum decimōrum
Dative decimō decimō decimīs
Accusative decimum decimam decimum decimōs decimās decima
Ablative decimō decimā decimō decimīs
Vocative decime decima decimum decimī decimae decima

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Asturian: décimu (borrowing), diezmu
  • Catalan: dècim (borrowing)
  • Dalmatian: dicto
  • English: dime
  • French: décime (borrowing), dîme
  • Friulian: diesim

ReferencesEdit

  • decimus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • decimus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • decimus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “decem”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 163