See also: Dies, díes, and dies.

English edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

dies

  1. third-person singular simple present indicative of die

Noun edit

dies

  1. plural of die (when used in the sense of a pattern / of obsolete spelling of dye)

Anagrams edit

Catalan edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

dies

  1. plural of dia

German edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

dies

  1. Alternative form of dieses

Usage notes edit

  • In the nominative and accusative neuter, the forms dieses and dies are in general interchangeable, but there is a tendency to prefer one or the other in the following situations:
  • In adjectival usage, dieses is generally preferred to dies. So dieses Haus ("this house") is more common than the also correct and synonymic dies Haus.
  • In substantival usage, dieses is used to refer to a previously used neuter noun:
Unser Unternehmen sollte das Gebäude verkaufen. Wir können dieses nicht mehr gebrauchen.
Our company should sell the building. We cannot make use of it anymore.
  • Dies is used to refer to a preceding context or phrase:
Unser Unternehmen sollte das Gebäude verkaufen. Dies würde uns viel Geld einbringen.
Our company should sell the building. This would earn us a lot of money.
  • Dies is also used to refer to something the speaker perceives with the senses (exophoric use, deixis):
Sieh dir dies mal an! – Have a look at this! (e.g. a newspaper article)
Dies sind meine Kinder. – These are my children. (regular use of the neuter singular with a copula verb)
  • The above habits are mainly true of formal speech and writing. Colloquially, the shorter dies is often preferred, but the pronouns das and es are even more common.

Further reading edit

  • dies” in Duden online
  • dies” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

Ilocano edit

Alternative forms edit

  • diezobsolete, abecedario or Spanish spelling
  • diyes, dyescommon, abakada or Tagalog spelling

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Spanish diez

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: di‧es
  • IPA(key): /ˈdjes/, [ˈd͡ʒes]
  • IPA(key): /ˈdijes/, [ˈdi.jes]

Numeral edit

dies

  1. ten
    Synonyms: sangapulo, pullo

Latin edit

Etymology edit

Back-formed from the accusative diem (at a time when the vowel was still long), from Proto-Italic *djēm, the accusative of *djous, from Proto-Indo-European *dyḗws (heaven, sky).[1] The original nominative survives as *diūs in two fossilised phrases: mē diūs fidius (an interjection) and nū diūs tertius (day before yesterday, literally now (is) the third day). The d in diēs is a puzzle with some suggesting dialect borrowing and others referring to an etymon *diyew- via Lindeman's Law. But note the possible Proto-Italic allophony between *-CjV- and *-CiV-, which may be the cause for this divergence (See WT:AITC).

Cognate with Ancient Greek Ζήν (Zḗn), Old Armenian տիւ (tiw, daytime), Old Irish día, Welsh dydd, Polish dzień, but not English day, which is a false cognate. The Italic stem was also the source of Iovis, the genitive of Iuppiter and was generally interchangeable with it in earlier times, still shown by the analogical formation Diēspiter.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

diēs m or f (genitive diēī); fifth declension

  1. A day, particularly:
    1. A solar or sidereal day of about 24 hours, especially (historical) Roman dates reckoned from one midnight to the next.
      in diesday by day
      sub diemat daybreak
      ante diem III idus Ianuariasthe third day before the January ides
      • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Exodus.16.26:
        Sex diēbus colligite in diē autem septimō sabbatum est Dominō idcircō nōn inveniētur.
        Six days ye shall gather it; but on the seventh day, which is the Sabbath, in it there shall be none.
      • 1564, Elizabeth I of England, Queen Elizabeth's Latin Speech to the University, at the Conclusion of her Entertainment in St. Mary's Church 9:
        Haec tamen vulgaris sententia me aliquantulum recreavit, quae etsi non auferre, tamen minuere possit dolorem meum, quae quidem sententia haec est, Romam uno die non fuisse conditam.
        But this common saying has given me a certain amount of comfort – a saying which cannot take away, but can at least lessen, the grief that I feel; and the saying is, that Rome was not built in one day.
    2. Daytime: a period of light between sunrise and sunset.
      prima diei horathe first hour of the day
    3. (often in the feminine) A set day: a date, an appointment.

Usage notes edit

  • Dates in the Roman calendar were reckoned according to the calends (kalendae), the nones (nōnae), and the ides (īdūs). The calends of every month was its first day; the nones and ides of most months were their 5th and 13th days; and the nones and ides of the four original 31-day months—Mārtius, Maius, Quīntīlis or Iūlius, and Octōber—were two days later. January 1st was thus kalendae Iānuāriae or Iānuāriī. The day preceding any of these three principal days was called its eve (prīdiē). January 12th was thus prīdiē īdūs Iānuāriās or Iānuāriī (pr. Id. Ian.). All other days of the month were expressed by counting inclusively forward to the next of these three principal days and, in early Latin, this was expressed in the ablative. January 11th was thus diē tertiō ante īdūs Iānuāriās or Iānuāriī (III Id. Ian.). By the time of classical Latin, however, the ante had moved to the beginning of the expression and it became an accusative absolute: ante diem tertium īdūs Iānuāriās or Iānuāriī (a. d. III Id. Ian.).[2] In this form, the date functioned as a single indeclinable noun and could serve as the object of prepositions such as ex and in.[3]
  • Unlike most fifth-declension nouns, diēs is not exclusively feminine. It was typically masculine, particularly in the plural. It appears as a feminine noun when being personified as a goddess, in some specific dates, in reference to the passing of time, and occasionally in other contexts.

Declension edit

Fifth-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative diēs diēs
Genitive diēī diērum
Dative diēī diēbus
Accusative diem diēs
Ablative diē diēbus
Vocative diēs diēs

Antonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Balkan Romance:
    • Aromanian: dzuã
    • Istro-Romanian: zi
    • Megleno-Romanian: zuuă
    • Romanian: zi
  • Dalmatian:
  • Italo-Romance:
    • Old Italian: die
      • Italian: (daytime)
  • North Italian:
  • Rhaeto-Romance:
  • Gallo-Romance:
  • Occitano-Romance:
    • Old Occitan: di
  • Ibero-Romance:
  • Insular Romance:
    • Sardinian: die (Logudorese), (Campidanese)
  • Vulgar Latin: *dia (see there for further descendants)

References edit

  1. ^ Walde, Alois; Hofmann, Johann Baptist (1938), “dies”, in Lateinisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), volume 1, 3rd edition, Heidelberg: Carl Winter, pages 349-351
  2. ^ The British Sundial Society, "Ante Diem Bis Sextum Kalendras Martii", 2016.
  3. ^ Beck, Charles, Latin Syntax, Chiefly from the German of C. G. Zumpt (1838), Boston: Charles C. Little & James Brown, p. 176.

Further reading edit

  • dies”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • dies”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • dies in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • dies in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • a day's journey: iter unius diei or simply diei
    • to give some one a few days for reflection: paucorum dierum spatium ad deliberandum dare
    • in our time; in our days: his temporibus, nostra (hac) aetate, nostra memoria, his (not nostris) diebus
    • year by year; day by day: singulis annis, diebus
    • the intercalary year (month, day): annus (mensis, dies) intercalaris
    • when it is growing dusk; towards evening: die, caelo vesperascente
    • the day is already far advanced: multus dies or multa lux est
    • while it is still night, day: de nocte, de die
    • the succession of day and night: vicissitudines dierum noctiumque
    • night and day: noctes diesque, noctes et dies, et dies et noctes, dies noctesque, diem noctemque
    • from day to day: in dies (singulos)
    • to live from day to day: in diem vivere
    • every other day: alternis diebus
    • four successive days: quattuor dies continui
    • one or two days: unus et alter dies
    • one, two, several days had passed, intervened: dies unus, alter, plures intercesserant
    • to adjourn, delay: diem proferre (Att. 13. 14)
    • on the day after, which was September 5th: postridie qui fuit dies Non. Sept. (Nonarum Septembrium) (Att. 4. 1. 5)
    • to-day the 5th of September; tomorrow September the 5th: hodie qui est dies Non. Sept.; cras qui dies futurus est Non. Sept.
    • yesterday, to-day, tomorrow: dies hesternus, hodiernus, crastinus
    • to appoint a date for an interview: diem dicere colloquio
    • at the appointed time: ad diem constitutam
    • to live to see the day when..: diem videre, cum...
    • time will assuage his grief: dies dolorem mitigabit
    • to depart this life: mortem (diem supremum) obire
    • on one's last day: supremo vitae die
    • to put off from one day to another: diem ex die ducere, differre
    • the date: dies (fem. in this sense)
    • immorality is daily gaining ground: mores in dies magis labuntur (also with ad, e.g. ad mollitiem)
    • to keep, celebrate a festival: diem festum agere (of an individual)
    • to keep, celebrate a festival: diem festum celebrare (of a larger number)
    • to decree a public thanksgiving for fifteen days: supplicationem quindecim dierum decernere (Phil. 14. 14. 37)
    • to pass the whole day in discussion: dicendi mora diem extrahere, eximere, tollere
    • to summon some one to appear on a given day; to accuse a person: diem dicere alicui
    • to fix a day for the engagement: diem pugnae constituere (B. G. 3. 24)
  • dies”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • dies”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  • dies in Enrico Olivetti, editor (2003-2024) Dizionario Latino, Olivetti Media Communication

Latvian edit

Verb edit

dies

  1. third-person singular/plural future indicative of diet

Middle Dutch edit

Adverb edit

dies

  1. therefore, because of that, for that reason

Conjunction edit

dies

  1. until
  2. because

Determiner edit

dies

  1. masculine/neuter genitive singular of die

Contraction edit

dies

  1. Contraction of die es.

Northern Sami edit

Determiner edit

dies

  1. locative singular of diet

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Verb edit

dies

  1. passive form of die

Papiamentu edit

Papiamentu cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Cardinal : dies

Etymology edit

From Spanish diez and Portuguese dez and Kabuverdianu dés.

Numeral edit

dies

  1. ten (10)

Romansch edit

Etymology edit

From Vulgar Latin dossum, from Latin dorsum. Compare French dos.

Noun edit

dies m

  1. (anatomy) back

Serbo-Croatian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *dьnьsь.

Adverb edit

dies (Cyrillic spelling диес)

  1. (Kajkavian) today