- (UK) IPA(key): /dɪf.əˈɹɛn.ʃi.eɪt/
- (US) IPA(key): /ˌdɪ.fəˈɹɛnt.ʃi.eɪt/
Audio (US) (file) Audio (AU) (file)
- (transitive) To show, or be the distinction between two things.
- The word "then" was differentiated into the two forms "then" and "than".
- 1933, George Orwell, “Ch. XXII”, in Down and Out in Paris and London, Harvest / Harcourt paperback edition, page 120:
- The mass of the rich and poor are differentiated by their incomes and nothing else, and the average millionaire is only the average dishwasher dressed in a new suit.
- (intransitive) To perceive the difference between things; to discriminate.
- 1964, New York Times v. Sullivan:
- he refused to instruct that actual intent to harm or recklessness had to be found before punitive damages could be awarded, or that a verdict for respondent should differentiate between compensatory and punitive damages.
- (transitive, intransitive) To modify, or be modified.
- (transitive, mathematics) To calculate the derivative of a function.
- (transitive, mathematics) To calculate the differential of a function of multiple variables.
- (intransitive, biology) To produce distinct organs or to achieve specific functions by a process of development called differentiation.
- 1930, Robert Evans Snodgrass, Insects: Their Ways and Means of Living:
- In Chapter IV we learned that every animal consists of a body, or soma, formed of cells that are differentiated from the germ cells usually at an early stage of development.
- (to show the distinction between things): differentialize; see also Thesaurus:differentiate
- (to perceive the difference between things): differentialize; see also Thesaurus:tell apart
- (to modify): change, transform; see also Thesaurus:alter
- (to show the distinction between things): equate
- (to perceive the difference between things): mix up, muddle up
- (to modify): leave alone, preserve
to show or be the distinction
to perceive the difference
to modify, be modified
math: to calculate the derivative
math: to calculate the differential
biology: to produce distinct organs or to achieve specific functions
- differentiate in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
- differentiate in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
differentiate (plural differentiates)
- (geology) Something that has been differentiated or stratified.
- 1969, Alexander R. McBirney, Geology and Petrology of the Galápagos Islands, page 185:
- There is no discernable tendency, however, for the differentiates to fall into two extremities, as would be expected if they were trending toward distinct eutectics in a residua system.
- 1991, Roger H. Mitchell, Petrology of Lamproites, page 10:
- This latter terminology is particularly favored by Soviet petrologists, e.g.. Bogatikov et al. (1985), who believe that any magma typically exhibits both agpaitic and miascitic differentiates.