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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French disperser, from Latin dispersus, past participle of dispergere (to scatter abroad, disperse), from dis- (apart) + spargere (to scatter); see sparse.

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /dɪˈspɜːs/
  • (US) IPA(key): /dɪˈspɜ˞s/
  • Rhymes: -ɜː(r)s
  • (file)

VerbEdit

disperse (third-person singular simple present disperses, present participle dispersing, simple past and past participle dispersed)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) To scatter in different directions
    The Jews are dispersed among all nations.
    • 1611 King James Bible, Proverbs xv. 7
      The lips of the wise disperse knowledge.
    • (Can we date this quote by Cowper and provide title, author's full name, and other details?)
      Two lions, in the still, dark night, / A herd of beeves disperse.
  2. (transitive, intransitive) To break up and disappear; to dissipate
  3. (transitive, intransitive) To disseminate
  4. (physics, transitive, intransitive) To separate rays of light etc. according to wavelength; to refract
  5. (transitive, intransitive) To distribute throughout

Usage notesEdit

  • Do not confuse with the monetary word disburse, despite homophony and even a degree of semantic similarity (in which disbursed money may be dispersed among expenses). A mnemonic to help make the difference obvious (which uses a cognate of each word) is that dĭs-burs-ing is taking money out of the purse, whereas dĭ-spers-ing causes something to be sparsely scattered.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

disperse (comparative more disperse, superlative most disperse)

  1. Scattered or spread out.
    • 1998, James-Yves Roger, Technologies for the Information Society: Developments and Opportunities:
      Australia itself is a very wide and very disperse country, where the distance problems significantly affect also the "internal" customer-supplier chains.
    • 2014, Didier J. Dubois, Readings in Fuzzy Sets for Intelligent Systems, page 85:
      In particular, a very crisp quantifier such as “for all,” “there exists,” “at least 50 percent” tend to have less disperse weighting vectors while fuzzier quantifiers such as many tend to have a more disperse weighting vector.

Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

GermanEdit

ItalianEdit

AdjectiveEdit

disperse

  1. feminine plural of disperso

NounEdit

disperse f pl

  1. plural of dispersa

VerbEdit

disperse

  1. third-person singular past historic of disperdere
  2. third-person singular past historic of dispergere

disperse f

  1. plural of disperso

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

ParticipleEdit

disperse

  1. vocative masculine singular of dispersus

ReferencesEdit


PortugueseEdit

SpanishEdit

VerbEdit

disperse

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of dispersar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of dispersar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of dispersar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of dispersar.