FanagaloEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Zulu -donsa.

VerbEdit

donsa

  1. to pull

ZuluEdit

VerbEdit

-donsa

  1. (transitive) to pull
    Antonym: -sunduza

InflectionEdit

Tone L
Infinitive ukudonsa
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukudonsa ukungadonsi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular donsa -donse
Plural donsani -donseni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyadonsa, ngidonsa engidonsayo, engidonsa ngidonsa angidonsi engingadonsi ngingadonsi
2nd singular uyadonsa, udonsa odonsayo, odonsa udonsa awudonsi ongadonsi ungadonsi
1st plural siyadonsa, sidonsa esidonsayo, esidonsa sidonsa asidonsi esingadonsi singadonsi
2nd plural niyadonsa, nidonsa enidonsayo, enidonsa nidonsa anidonsi eningadonsi ningadonsi
Class 1 uyadonsa, udonsa odonsayo, odonsa edonsa akadonsi ongadonsi engadonsi
Class 2 bayadonsa, badonsa abadonsayo, abadonsa bedonsa abadonsi abangadonsi bengadonsi
Class 3 uyadonsa, udonsa odonsayo, odonsa udonsa awudonsi ongadonsi ungadonsi
Class 4 iyadonsa, idonsa edonsayo, edonsa idonsa ayidonsi engadonsi ingadonsi
Class 5 liyadonsa, lidonsa elidonsayo, elidonsa lidonsa alidonsi elingadonsi lingadonsi
Class 6 ayadonsa, adonsa adonsayo, adonsa edonsa awadonsi angadonsi engadonsi
Class 7 siyadonsa, sidonsa esidonsayo, esidonsa sidonsa asidonsi esingadonsi singadonsi
Class 8 ziyadonsa, zidonsa ezidonsayo, ezidonsa zidonsa azidonsi ezingadonsi zingadonsi
Class 9 iyadonsa, idonsa edonsayo, edonsa idonsa ayidonsi engadonsi ingadonsi
Class 10 ziyadonsa, zidonsa ezidonsayo, ezidonsa zidonsa azidonsi ezingadonsi zingadonsi
Class 11 luyadonsa, ludonsa oludonsayo, oludonsa ludonsa aludonsi olungadonsi lungadonsi
Class 14 buyadonsa, budonsa obudonsayo, obudonsa budonsa abudonsi obungadonsi bungadonsi
Class 15 kuyadonsa, kudonsa okudonsayo, okudonsa kudonsa akudonsi okungadonsi kungadonsi
Class 17 kuyadonsa, kudonsa okudonsayo, okudonsa kudonsa akudonsi okungadonsi kungadonsi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngidonsile, ngidonsē engidonsile, engidonsē ngidonsile, ngidonsē angidonsanga engingadonsanga ngingadonsanga
2nd singular udonsile, udonsē odonsile, odonsē udonsile, udonsē awudonsanga ongadonsanga ungadonsanga
1st plural sidonsile, sidonsē esidonsile, esidonsē sidonsile, sidonsē asidonsanga esingadonsanga singadonsanga
2nd plural nidonsile, nidonsē enidonsile, enidonsē nidonsile, nidonsē anidonsanga eningadonsanga ningadonsanga
Class 1 udonsile, udonsē odonsile, odonsē edonsile, edonsē akadonsanga ongadonsanga engadonsanga
Class 2 badonsile, badonsē abadonsile, abadonsē bedonsile, bedonsē abadonsanga abangadonsanga bengadonsanga
Class 3 udonsile, udonsē odonsile, odonsē udonsile, udonsē awudonsanga ongadonsanga ungadonsanga
Class 4 idonsile, idonsē edonsile, edonsē idonsile, idonsē ayidonsanga engadonsanga ingadonsanga
Class 5 lidonsile, lidonsē elidonsile, elidonsē lidonsile, lidonsē alidonsanga elingadonsanga lingadonsanga
Class 6 adonsile, adonsē adonsile, adonsē edonsile, edonsē awadonsanga angadonsanga engadonsanga
Class 7 sidonsile, sidonsē esidonsile, esidonsē sidonsile, sidonsē asidonsanga esingadonsanga singadonsanga
Class 8 zidonsile, zidonsē ezidonsile, ezidonsē zidonsile, zidonsē azidonsanga ezingadonsanga zingadonsanga
Class 9 idonsile, idonsē edonsile, edonsē idonsile, idonsē ayidonsanga engadonsanga ingadonsanga
Class 10 zidonsile, zidonsē ezidonsile, ezidonsē zidonsile, zidonsē azidonsanga ezingadonsanga zingadonsanga
Class 11 ludonsile, ludonsē oludonsile, oludonsē ludonsile, ludonsē aludonsanga olungadonsanga lungadonsanga
Class 14 budonsile, budonsē obudonsile, obudonsē budonsile, budonsē abudonsanga obungadonsanga bungadonsanga
Class 15 kudonsile, kudonsē okudonsile, okudonsē kudonsile, kudonsē akudonsanga okungadonsanga kungadonsanga
Class 17 kudonsile, kudonsē okudonsile, okudonsē kudonsile, kudonsē akudonsanga okungadonsanga kungadonsanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngādonsa engādonsa ngādonsa angidonsanga engingadonsanga ngingadonsanga
2nd singular wādonsa owādonsa wādonsa awudonsanga ongadonsanga ungadonsanga
1st plural sādonsa esādonsa sādonsa asidonsanga esingadonsanga singadonsanga
2nd plural nādonsa enādonsa nādonsa anidonsanga eningadonsanga ningadonsanga
Class 1 wādonsa owādonsa ādonsa akadonsanga ongadonsanga engadonsanga
Class 2 bādonsa abādonsa bādonsa abadonsanga abangadonsanga bengadonsanga
Class 3 wādonsa owādonsa wādonsa awudonsanga ongadonsanga ungadonsanga
Class 4 yādonsa eyādonsa yādonsa ayidonsanga engadonsanga ingadonsanga
Class 5 lādonsa elādonsa lādonsa alidonsanga elingadonsanga lingadonsanga
Class 6 ādonsa ādonsa ādonsa awadonsanga angadonsanga engadonsanga
Class 7 sādonsa esādonsa sādonsa asidonsanga esingadonsanga singadonsanga
Class 8 zādonsa ezādonsa zādonsa azidonsanga ezingadonsanga zingadonsanga
Class 9 yādonsa eyādonsa yādonsa ayidonsanga engadonsanga ingadonsanga
Class 10 zādonsa ezādonsa zādonsa azidonsanga ezingadonsanga zingadonsanga
Class 11 lwādonsa olwādonsa lwādonsa aludonsanga olungadonsanga lungadonsanga
Class 14 bādonsa obādonsa bādonsa abudonsanga obungadonsanga bungadonsanga
Class 15 kwādonsa okwādonsa kwādonsa akudonsanga okungadonsanga kungadonsanga
Class 17 kwādonsa okwādonsa kwādonsa akudonsanga okungadonsanga kungadonsanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingadonsa ngingadonsa ngingedonse ngingedonse
2nd singular ungadonsa ungadonsa ungedonse ungedonse
1st plural singadonsa singadonsa singedonse singedonse
2nd plural ningadonsa ningadonsa ningedonse ningedonse
Class 1 angadonsa engadonsa angedonse engedonse
Class 2 bangadonsa bengadonsa bangedonse bengedonse
Class 3 ungadonsa ungadonsa ungedonse ungedonse
Class 4 ingadonsa ingadonsa ingedonse ingedonse
Class 5 lingadonsa lingadonsa lingedonse lingedonse
Class 6 angadonsa engadonsa angedonse engedonse
Class 7 singadonsa singadonsa singedonse singedonse
Class 8 zingadonsa zingadonsa zingedonse zingedonse
Class 9 ingadonsa ingadonsa ingedonse ingedonse
Class 10 zingadonsa zingadonsa zingedonse zingedonse
Class 11 lungadonsa lungadonsa lungedonse lungedonse
Class 14 bungadonsa bungadonsa bungedonse bungedonse
Class 15 kungadonsa kungadonsa kungedonse kungedonse
Class 17 kungadonsa kungadonsa kungedonse kungedonse
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizodonsa engizodonsa ngizodonsa angizudonsa engingezudonsa ngingezudonsa
2nd singular uzodonsa ozodonsa uzodonsa awuzudonsa ongezudonsa ungezudonsa
1st plural sizodonsa esizodonsa sizodonsa asizudonsa esingezudonsa singezudonsa
2nd plural nizodonsa enizodonsa nizodonsa anizudonsa eningezudonsa ningezudonsa
Class 1 uzodonsa ozodonsa ezodonsa akazudonsa ongezudonsa engezudonsa
Class 2 bazodonsa abazodonsa bezodonsa abazudonsa abangezudonsa bengezudonsa
Class 3 uzodonsa ozodonsa uzodonsa awuzudonsa ongezudonsa ungezudonsa
Class 4 izodonsa ezodonsa izodonsa ayizudonsa engezudonsa ingezudonsa
Class 5 lizodonsa elizodonsa lizodonsa alizudonsa elingezudonsa lingezudonsa
Class 6 azodonsa azodonsa ezodonsa awazudonsa angezudonsa engezudonsa
Class 7 sizodonsa esizodonsa sizodonsa asizudonsa esingezudonsa singezudonsa
Class 8 zizodonsa ezizodonsa zizodonsa azizudonsa ezingezudonsa zingezudonsa
Class 9 izodonsa ezodonsa izodonsa ayizudonsa engezudonsa ingezudonsa
Class 10 zizodonsa ezizodonsa zizodonsa azizudonsa ezingezudonsa zingezudonsa
Class 11 luzodonsa oluzodonsa luzodonsa aluzudonsa olungezudonsa lungezudonsa
Class 14 buzodonsa obuzodonsa buzodonsa abuzudonsa obungezudonsa bungezudonsa
Class 15 kuzodonsa okuzodonsa kuzodonsa akuzudonsa okungezudonsa kungezudonsa
Class 17 kuzodonsa okuzodonsa kuzodonsa akuzudonsa okungezudonsa kungezudonsa
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyodonsa engiyodonsa ngiyodonsa angiyudonsa engingeyudonsa ngingeyudonsa
2nd singular uyodonsa oyodonsa uyodonsa awuyudonsa ongeyudonsa ungeyudonsa
1st plural siyodonsa esiyodonsa siyodonsa asiyudonsa esingeyudonsa singeyudonsa
2nd plural niyodonsa eniyodonsa niyodonsa aniyudonsa eningeyudonsa ningeyudonsa
Class 1 uyodonsa oyodonsa eyodonsa akayudonsa ongeyudonsa engeyudonsa
Class 2 bayodonsa abayodonsa beyodonsa abayudonsa abangeyudonsa bengeyudonsa
Class 3 uyodonsa oyodonsa uyodonsa awuyudonsa ongeyudonsa ungeyudonsa
Class 4 iyodonsa eyodonsa iyodonsa ayiyudonsa engeyudonsa ingeyudonsa
Class 5 liyodonsa eliyodonsa liyodonsa aliyudonsa elingeyudonsa lingeyudonsa
Class 6 ayodonsa ayodonsa eyodonsa awayudonsa angeyudonsa engeyudonsa
Class 7 siyodonsa esiyodonsa siyodonsa asiyudonsa esingeyudonsa singeyudonsa
Class 8 ziyodonsa eziyodonsa ziyodonsa aziyudonsa ezingeyudonsa zingeyudonsa
Class 9 iyodonsa eyodonsa iyodonsa ayiyudonsa engeyudonsa ingeyudonsa
Class 10 ziyodonsa eziyodonsa ziyodonsa aziyudonsa ezingeyudonsa zingeyudonsa
Class 11 luyodonsa oluyodonsa luyodonsa aluyudonsa olungeyudonsa lungeyudonsa
Class 14 buyodonsa obuyodonsa buyodonsa abuyudonsa obungeyudonsa bungeyudonsa
Class 15 kuyodonsa okuyodonsa kuyodonsa akuyudonsa okungeyudonsa kungeyudonsa
Class 17 kuyodonsa okuyodonsa kuyodonsa akuyudonsa okungeyudonsa kungeyudonsa
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngidonse ngingadonsi
2nd singular udonse ungadonsi
1st plural sidonse singadonsi
2nd plural nidonse ningadonsi
Class 1 adonse angadonsi
Class 2 badonse bangadonsi
Class 3 udonse ungadonsi
Class 4 idonse ingadonsi
Class 5 lidonse lingadonsi
Class 6 adonse angadonsi
Class 7 sidonse singadonsi
Class 8 zidonse zingadonsi
Class 9 idonse ingadonsi
Class 10 zidonse zingadonsi
Class 11 ludonse lungadonsi
Class 14 budonse bungadonsi
Class 15 kudonse kungadonsi
Class 17 kudonse kungadonsi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngadonsa ngangadonsa, angadonsa, angangadonsa
2nd singular wadonsa wangadonsa, awadonsa, awangadonsa
1st plural sadonsa sangadonsa, asadonsa, asangadonsa
2nd plural nadonsa nangadonsa, anadonsa, anangadonsa
Class 1 wadonsa wangadonsa, akadonsa, akangadonsa
Class 2 badonsa bangadonsa, abadonsa, abangadonsa
Class 3 wadonsa wangadonsa, awadonsa, awangadonsa
Class 4 yadonsa yangadonsa, ayadonsa, ayangadonsa
Class 5 ladonsa langadonsa, aladonsa, alangadonsa
Class 6 adonsa angadonsa, awadonsa, awangadonsa
Class 7 sadonsa sangadonsa, asadonsa, asangadonsa
Class 8 zadonsa zangadonsa, azadonsa, azangadonsa
Class 9 yadonsa yangadonsa, ayadonsa, ayangadonsa
Class 10 zadonsa zangadonsa, azadonsa, azangadonsa
Class 11 lwadonsa lwangadonsa, alwadonsa, alwangadonsa
Class 14 badonsa bangadonsa, abadonsa, abangadonsa
Class 15 kwadonsa kwangadonsa, akwadonsa, akwangadonsa
Class 17 kwadonsa kwangadonsa, akwadonsa, akwangadonsa

ReferencesEdit