drāna

See also: drānā

Contents

LatvianEdit

Drāna

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *der-, *dr- ‎(to tear, rip, split) (whence also dīrāt ‎(to skin, flay)), with a suffix *-eh₂, yielding *dr-eh₂ > drā-, and another suffix, either *-no-/*-nā-, or (according to Pokorny) *-p-an, with the p later reducing to zero (but still conserved in the Lithuanian and Sanskrit cognates). The semantic evolution was problably: “to skin” > “skin, fur” > “fabric”. Cognates include Lithuanian drãpana ‎(clothes, costume) (dialectal also “handkerchief”, “piece of cloth”), Sanskrit द्रापिः ‎(drāpíḥ, coat, attire).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

drāna f (4th declension)

  1. fabric (cloth, material made of fibers)
    vilnas, zīda, linu drāna — wool, slik, linen cloth
    aizkaru drāna — curtain cloth
    rūtota drāna — checked fabric
  2. piece of cloth, handkerchief
    kabatas drāna — pocket handkerchief
  3. (only plural) clothes, garments
    ģērbties gaišās drānās — to dress in bright clothes

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “drāna”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7
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