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LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *gil-, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷel-, *gʷl̥-(to stab, to pierce), whence also dzelt(to sting) (q.v.). At first there was a u-stem adjective *gilus > *dzilus (whence the Lithuanian cognate), later replaced by a- and yo-stem counterparts. Later on the yo-stem form stabilized, leading to dziļš, but descendants of the a-stem *dzils can still be found in dialectal terms like dziliene(depth) or in placenames like Dziloņezers (*dzilonis(depth)). Cognates include Lithuanian gilùs(deep), Old Prussian gillin(deep (fem. acc.)).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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AdjectiveEdit

dziļš (def. dziļais, comp. dziļāks, sup. visdziļākais; adv. dziļi)

  1. deep (having its bottom far from its surface)
    dziļa upe, aka‎ ― deep river, well
    dziļš ezers‎ ― deep lake
    šeit ūdens ir ļoti dziļš‎ ― here the water is very deep
    dziļš grāvis‎ ― deep ditch
    dziļa krūze‎ ― deep mug
    dziļais šķīvis‎ ― deep plate, soup plate
    dziļš robs‎ ― deep notch, incision
    mēs izrakām 3 metrus dziļas izlūku akas‎ ― we dug 3 meter deep reconnaissance wells
    mēs apsēžamies dziļos ādas klubkrēslos‎ ― we sat down in deep leather armchairs
    viņš gāja ātri un smagi, atstādams zemē dziļas pēdas‎ ― he went fast and hard, leaving deep tracks on the ground
  2. deep (located, extending, moving relatively far from the surface of something)
    dziļš zemes slānis‎ ― deep earth layer
    vecam kokam dziļas saknes‎ ― an old tree (has) deep roots
    mašīna, kas veiks 60-80 metrus dziļus urbumus‎ ― a machine that will make holes 60-80 meters deep
  3. deep (forming a thick layer)
    sniegs ir ļoti dziļš‎ ― the snow is very deep
  4. (of breath) deep (involving a large amount of air)
    dziļš elpas vilciens‎ ― deep breath
    dziļā elpošana‎ ― deep breathing
  5. (adverbial form; of movements) deep (going down low)
    dziļi paklanīties‎ ― to bow deeply (= low)
  6. deep (such that its edge or border is far from the center)
    slēpties dziļā mežā‎ ― to hide in the deep forest
    dziļa aizmugure‎ ― deep rear, area located far from the combat zone
  7. (of silence, darkness, quiet etc.) deep, full
    dziļš nakts miers‎ ― deep night quiet
    dziļā naktī‎ ― in the deep night (i.e., late at night)
    pēc tam klusums ir vēl dziļāks‎ ― after that the silence is even deeper
  8. (of physiological processes) deep, full
    dziļš miegs‎ ― deep sleep
    dziļa nesamaņa‎ ― deep unconsciousness
  9. (of psychological or emotional states) deep, strong, stable
    dziļa mīlestība‎ ― deep love
    dziļš prieks‎ ― deep joy
    dziļa cieņa‎ ― deep respect
    dziļa sirsnība‎ ― deep sincerity
    dziļas sēras‎ ― deep mourning
  10. (of beliefs, actions, etc.) deep (expressing itself strongly, very significantly)
    dziļš humānisms‎ ― deep humanism
    runāt ar dziļu pārliecību‎ ― to speak with deep conviction
    dziļa ietekme‎ ― deep, strong influence
    dziļas un būtiskas pārmaiņas‎ ― deep and profound (lit. essential) changes
    dziļa patiesība ir tautas sakāmvārdos‎ ― (there) is deep truth in popular proverbs
  11. (of thoughts, opinions, knowledge, etc.) deep (very important, affecting the foundations of something; content-rich)
    dziļa mūzika‎ ― deep music
    dziļa ideja‎ ― deep idea
    dziļas sarunas‎ ― deep conversations
    dziļš zemteksts‎ ― deep subtext
    dziļš romāna idejiskais saturs‎ ― a novel's deep conceptual content
    dziļās pārdomās, Krišjānim radās ideja‎ ― in deep reflection, meditation, Krišjānis had an idea
  12. (of eyes, looks) deep (such that it expresses important, fundamental, content-rich thoughts)
    senators uzlūko mani ar tādu dziļu, pētošu skatenu, it kā gribētu iespiesties manā dvēselē‎ ― the senator looked at me with such deep, searching eyes, as if they wanted to penetrate into my soul

DeclensionEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “dziļš”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7