enclave

See also: enclavé

EnglishEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French enclave, from Middle French enclave (enclave), deverbal of enclaver (to inclose), from Old French enclaver (to inclose, lock in), from Vulgar Latin *inclāvāre (to lock in), from in + Latin clavis (key) or clavus (nail, bolt). Compare inlock.

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)
    ; IPA(key): /ˈɛnkleɪv/, /ˈɛŋkleɪv/, /ˈɒ̃kleɪv/
  • (file)
    ; IPA(key): /ˈɑnkleɪv/, /ˈɛnkleɪv/
  • Rhymes: -eɪv

NounEdit

enclave (plural enclaves)

  1. A political, cultural or social entity or part thereof that is completely surrounded by another.
    The republic of San Marino is an enclave of Italy.
    The streets around Union Square form a Protestant enclave within an otherwise Catholic neighbourhood.
  2. A group that is set off from a larger population by its characteristic or behavior.
    ...it tends to make marriage itself a lifestyle enclave.
    • 2014 November 17, Roger Cohen, “The horror! The horror! The trauma of ISIS [print version: International New York Times, 18 November 2014, p. 9]”, in The New York Times[1]:
      What is unbearable, in fact, is the feeling, 13 years after 9/11, that America has been chasing its tail; that, in some whack-a-mole horror show, the quashing of a jihadi enclave here only spurs the sprouting of another there; that the ideology of Al Qaeda is still reverberating through a blocked Arab world whose Sunni-Shia balance (insofar as that went) was upended by the American invasion of Iraq.
  3. (computing) An isolated portion of an application's address space, such that data in an enclave can only be accessed by code in the same enclave.
    • 2010, Mike Ebbers, Dino Tonelli, Jason Arnold, Co-locating Transactional and Data Warehouse Workloads on System z (page 245)
      When an enclave spans a system boundary in a sysplex, it is called a multisystem enclave.

Usage notesEdit

Enclaves are generally also exclaves, though exceptions exist (as detailed at list of enclaves and exclaves), and in common speech only the term enclave is used.

An enclave is an area surrounded by another area, while an exclave is an area cut off from the main area. An area can be cut off without being surrounded (such as Kaliningrad Oblast, cut off from the rest of Russia by Lithuania, Poland, and the Baltic Sea) hence exclaved without being enclaved, or surrounded without being cut off (such as the Kingdom of Lesotho, enclaved in South Africa, but not exclaved).

A pene-enclave (resp., pene-exclave) is an area that is an enclave "for practical purposes", but does not meet the strict definition. This is a very technical term.

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

VerbEdit

enclave (third-person singular simple present enclaves, present participle enclaving, simple past and past participle enclaved)

  1. (transitive) To enclose within a foreign territory.

ReferencesEdit

  • (group set off from a larger population by a characteristic): Habits of the Heart: Individualism and Commitment in American Life - Page 74

by Robert Neelly Bellah, William M. Sullivan, Ann Swidler, Steven M. Tipton, Richard Madsen - 1996

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French enclave, from Middle French enclave.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˌɑŋˈklaː.və/, /ˌɛŋˈklaː.və/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: en‧cla‧ve
  • Rhymes: -aːvə

NounEdit

enclave f (plural enclaves, diminutive enclaafje n or enclavetje n)

  1. enclave

Derived termsEdit


FrenchEdit

 
French Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fr

EtymologyEdit

From enclaver.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

enclave f (plural enclaves)

  1. enclave
  2. (field hockey or ice hockey) the slot

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


ItalianEdit

 
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /enˈkla.ve/, (traditional) /anˈklav/[1]

NounEdit

enclave f (plural enclavi) (Often invariant)

  1. enclave

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ enclave in Luciano Canepari, Dizionario di Pronuncia Italiana (DiPI)

PortugueseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

enclave m (plural enclaves)

  1. (geography) enclave (region completely surrounded by another)
  2. (geology) an intrusive rock

SpanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

enclave m (plural enclaves)

  1. (politics) enclave

VerbEdit

enclave

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of enclavar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of enclavar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of enclavar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of enclavar.