equivalent

See also: équivalent

EnglishEdit

 
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Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

equi- +‎ -valent. From Latin aequivalentem, accusative singular of aequivalēns, present active participle of aequivaleō (I am equivalent, have equal power).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

equivalent (comparative more equivalent, superlative most equivalent)

  1. Similar or identical in value, meaning or effect; virtually equal.
    To burn calories, a thirty-minute jog is equivalent to a couple of hamburgers.
    • 1698, Robert South, Twelve Sermons upon Several Subjects and Occasions:
      For now to serve and to minister, servile and ministerial, are terms equivalent.
    • 2012 March 1, Henry Petroski, “Opening Doors”, in American Scientist[1], volume 100, number 2, page 112-3:
      A doorknob of whatever roundish shape is effectively a continuum of levers, with the axis of the latching mechanism—known as the spindle—being the fulcrum about which the turning takes place. Applying a force tangential to the knob is essentially equivalent to applying one perpendicular to a radial line defining the lever.
    Synonym: on a par
  2. (mathematics) Of two sets, having a one-to-one correspondence.
    Synonym: equinumerous
    • c. 2005, P N Gupta Kulbhushan, Comprehensive MCQ's in Mathematics, page 3:
      Finite sets A and B are equivalent sets only when n(A) = n(B) i.e., the number of elements in A and B are equal.
    • 1950, E. Kamke, Theory of Sets, page 16:
      All enumerable sets are equivalent to each other, but not to any finite set.
    • 2000, N. L. Carothers, Real Analysis, page 18:
      Equivalent sets should, by rights, have the same "number" of elements. For this reason we sometimes say that equivalent sets have the same cardinality.
    • 2006, Joseph Breuer, Introduction to the Theory of Sets, page 41:
      The equivalence theorem: If both M is equivalent to a subset N1 of N and N is equivalent to a subset M1 of M, then the sets M and N are equivalent to each other.
  3. (mathematics) Relating to the corresponding elements of an equivalence relation.
  4. (chemistry) Having the equal ability to combine.
  5. (cartography) Of a map, equal-area.
  6. (geometry) Equal in measure but not admitting of superposition; applied to magnitudes.
    A square may be equivalent to a triangle.

Usage notesEdit

  • In mathematics, this adjective can be used in phrases like "A and B are equivalent", "A is equivalent to B", and, less commonly, "A is equivalent with B".

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

equivalent (plural equivalents)

  1. Anything that is virtually equal to something else, or has the same value, force, etc.
  2. (chemistry) An equivalent weight.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

equivalent (third-person singular simple present equivalents, present participle equivalenting, simple past and past participle equivalented)

  1. (transitive) To make equivalent to; to equal.

CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin aequivalēns, attested from 1696.[1]

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

equivalent (masculine and feminine plural equivalents)

  1. equivalent

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “equivalent” in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana.

DutchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Middle French équivalent, from Latin aequivalēns.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˌeː.kʋi.vaːˈlɛnt/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: equi‧va‧lent
  • Rhymes: -ɛnt

AdjectiveEdit

equivalent (not comparable)

  1. equivalent

InflectionEdit

Inflection of equivalent
uninflected equivalent
inflected equivalente
comparative
positive
predicative/adverbial equivalent
indefinite m./f. sing. equivalente
n. sing. equivalent
plural equivalente
definite equivalente
partitive equivalents

Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

equivalent n (plural equivalenten)

  1. equivalent

OccitanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin aequivalēns.

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

AdjectiveEdit

equivalent m (feminine singular equivalenta, masculine plural equivalents, feminine plural equivalentas)

  1. equivalent

Related termsEdit