erschrecken

See also: Erschrecken

GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

er- +‎ schrecken

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɛʁˈʃʁɛkən/, [ɛɐ̯ˈʃʁɛkən], [ɛɐ̯ˈʃʁɛkŋ̍]
  • Hyphenation: er‧schre‧cken
  • (file)

VerbEdit

erschrecken (class 4 strong, third-person singular present erschrickt, past tense erschrak, past participle erschrocken, past subjunctive erschräke, auxiliary sein or (colloquial) haben)

  1. (standard, intransitive) to be frightened; to be startled [auxiliary sein]
    Ich bin erschrocken.I got scared.
  2. (chiefly colloquial, reflexive) to be frightened; to be startled [auxiliary haben]
    Ich habe mich erschrocken.I got scared.
  3. (dated, transitive) to frighten; to scare (someone) [auxiliary haben]
    • Heinrich von Kleist, Mädchenrätsel
      Bebt er, ihr Schwestern, was, / Redet, erschrickt ihn?
      When he quakes, you sisters, what, / Speak, scares him?

Usage notesEdit

In the modern standard language there is a split between the strong intransitive verb and the weak transitive/reflexive verb (see below). However, the strong verb may also be used reflexively, albeit chiefly in the vernacular. In older German, the strong verb was even used transitively.

ConjugationEdit

VerbEdit

erschrecken (weak, third-person singular present erschreckt, past tense erschreckte, past participle erschreckt, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) to frighten; to scare (someone)
    Du hast mich erschreckt.You scared me.
  2. (reflexive) to be frightened; to be startled
    Ich habe mich erschreckt.I got scared.

ConjugationEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit