See also: Exile and exilé

English

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Etymology

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From Middle English exil, borrowed from Old French essil, exil, from Latin exsilium, exilium (state of exile), derived from exsul, exul (exiled person).

Pronunciation

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  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /ˈɛɡˌzaɪl/, /ˈɛkˌsaɪl/
  • (obsolete, for the verb) IPA(key): /ɪɡˈzaɪl/[1]
  • Audio (US):(file)
  • Hyphenation: ex‧ile
  • Audio (Southern England):(file)

Noun

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exile (countable and uncountable, plural exiles)

  1. (uncountable) The state of being banished from one's home or country.
    Synonym: banishment
    He lived in exile.
    They chose exile rather than assimilation.
  2. (countable) Someone who is banished from his home or country.
    Synonym: expatriate
    She lived as an exile, and did her best to make the most out of such life.

Derived terms

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Translations

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The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb

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exile (third-person singular simple present exiles, present participle exiling, simple past and past participle exiled)

  1. (transitive) To send (someone or something) into exile.
    Synonyms: banish, forban, expatriate

Translations

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References

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  1. ^ Jespersen, Otto (1909) A Modern English Grammar on Historical Principles (Sammlung germanischer Elementar- und Handbücher; 9)‎[1], volumes I: Sounds and Spellings, London: George Allen & Unwin, published 1961, § 6.7, page 205.

Anagrams

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French

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Verb

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exile

  1. inflection of exiler:
    1. first/third-person singular present indicative/subjunctive
    2. second-person singular imperative

Latin

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Adjective

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exīle

  1. nominative/accusative/vocative neuter singular of exīlis

Portuguese

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Verb

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exile

  1. inflection of exilar:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Spanish

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Verb

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exile

  1. inflection of exilar:
    1. first/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative
  2. second-person singular voseo imperative of exir combined with le