From Middle English faculte (“power, property”), from Old French faculte, from Latin facultas (“capability, ability, skill, abundance, plenty, stock, goods, property, Medieval Latin also a body of teachers”), another form of facilitas (“easiness, facility, etc.”), from facul, another form of facilis (“easy, facile”); see facile.
faculty (plural faculties)
- (chiefly US) The academic staff at schools, colleges or universities, as opposed to the students or support staff.
- A division of a university.
- She transferred from the Faculty of Science to the Faculty of Medicine.
- An ability, skill, or power, often plural.
- I have used the notion of games so far as if it were familiar to most people. I think this is justified as everyone knows how to play some games. Accordingly, games serve admirably as models for the clarification of other, less well-understood, social-psychological phenomena. Yet the ability to follow rules, play games, and construct new games is a faculty not equally shared by all persons. […]
- He lived until he reached the age of 90 with most of his faculties intact.
- A power, authority or privilege conferred by a higher authority.
- (Church of England) A licence to make alterations to a church.
- The members of a profession.
- See also Thesaurus:faculty
In the sense of academic staff at a university, academic staff, teaching staff or simply staff are preferred in British English.