Hungarian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From felül- +‎ múl(ik), múl being an archaic form of múlik, only used today with the prefixes alul- and felül-.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈfɛlylmuːl]
  • Hyphenation: fe‧lül‧múl
  • Rhymes: -uːl

Verb edit

felülmúl

  1. (transitive) to surpass, outdo, outshine, excel, overshadow (to go beyond in performance)
    Synonyms: túlszárnyal, megelőz, túltesz, (colloquial) lefőz, (colloquial) lepipál
    A tanítvány felülmúlja a mesterét.The student surpasses his/her teacher.
    felülmúlja önmagátto surpass oneself
  2. (transitive) to surpass, exceed (in something: -ban/-ben) (to go beyond in quality or degree)
    Synonym: meghalad
    Ez az új szerkezet mindenben felülmúlja a régit.This new machine surpasses the old one in everything.
  3. (transitive) to surpass, to be beyond (to be beyond the capacity, power, ability of something or someone)
    Ez a feladat felülmúlja a képességeit.This task is beyond his/her abilities.

Usage notes edit

This verb is a member of one of those (few) quasi-homonymous verb pairs that exist both with and without an -ik ending. All (intransitive) suffixed forms of these pairs are identical (sometimes they can even have derived forms that coincide), with the exception of their dictionary form (the third-person singular indicative present, with or without -ik). However, the meaning of these pairs is usually distinct, sometimes unrelated. Examples include (fel)áldoz(le)áldozik, bánbánik, (meg)bíz(meg)bízik, érérik, esz (rare)eszik, hajolhajlik, (felül)múl(el)múlik, (hozzá)nyúlnyúlik, (el)vesz(el)veszik~(el)vész, and törtörik (along with their verbal prefixes), hallhallik (archaic), érezérzik (archaic), sometimes with some difference: (el)hibázhibádzik, (le)torkoltorkollik. Therefore one may well need to check the context and the arguments to ascertain which member of the verb pair is relevant.

Conjugation edit

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit