See also: Flood


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From Middle English flod, from Old English flōd, from Proto-West Germanic *flōdu, from Proto-Germanic *flōduz, from *plew- (to flow). Cognate with Scots flude, fluid, Saterland Frisian Floud, Dutch vloed, German Flut, Danish flod, Icelandic flóð, and Gothic 𐍆𐌻𐍉𐌳𐌿𐍃 (flōdus).


  • enPR: flŭd, IPA(key): /flʌd/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʌd


flood (plural floods)

  1. A (usually disastrous) overflow of water from a lake or other body of water due to excessive rainfall or other input of water.
    • 1667, John Milton, “Book 10”, in Paradise Lost. A Poem Written in Ten Books, London: [] [Samuel Simmons], [], OCLC 228722708; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: [], London: Basil Montagu Pickering [], 1873, OCLC 230729554:
      a covenant never to destroy the earth again by flood
    • 1910, Emerson Hough, chapter II, in The Purchase Price: Or The Cause of Compromise, Indianapolis, Ind.: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, OCLC 639762314:
      Carried somehow, somewhither, for some reason, on these surging floods, were these travelers, of errand not wholly obvious to their fellows, yet of such sort as to call into query alike the nature of their errand and their own relations.
    • 2013 June 29, “High and wet”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8842, page 28:
      Floods in northern India, mostly in the small state of Uttarakhand, have wrought disaster on an enormous scale. The early, intense onset of the monsoon on June 14th swelled rivers, washing away roads, bridges, hotels and even whole villages. Rock-filled torrents smashed vehicles and homes, burying victims under rubble and sludge.
    • 2020 March 29, “China enters flood season”, in China Information Center[1]:
      China's Ministry of Water Resources Saturday warned that floods are expected to hit the country and called on relevant departments to make preparation.
      Heavy rains have hit parts of southern, eastern and central China since Wednesday, pushing water levels in some rivers well above warning lines, the ministry said.
      China entered its flood season on Saturday, four days earlier than previous years, and the country may suffer from more and stronger rain as well as floods with more extreme weather forecast for the flood season, the ministry warned.
  2. (figuratively) A large number or quantity of anything appearing more rapidly than can easily be dealt with.
    a flood of complaints
    • 2016 December 6, Francis Fukuyama, “The Dangers of Disruption”, in The New York Times[2]:
      Deregulation of financial markets laid the groundwork for the subprime crisis in the United States, while a badly designed euro contributed to the debt crisis in Greece, and the Schengen system of open borders made it difficult to control the flood of refugees in Europe.
  3. The flowing in of the tide, opposed to the ebb.
    • 1599, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Iulius Cæsar”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene iii]:
      There is a tide in the affairs of men, / Which, taken at the flood, leads on to fortune.
    • 1899 Feb, Joseph Conrad, “The Heart of Darkness”, in Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, page 193:
      The flood had made, the wind was nearly calm, and being bound down the river, the only thing for us was to come to and wait for the turn of the tide.
  4. A floodlight.
  5. Menstrual discharge; menses.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Harvey to this entry?)
  6. (obsolete) Water as opposed to land.
    • 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost
      Who beheld from the safe shore their floating carcasses and broken chariot-wheels. So thick bestrown, abject and lost, lay these, covering the flood, under amazement of their hideous change.

Derived termsEdit

Terms derived from flood (noun)


See alsoEdit


flood (third-person singular simple present floods, present participle flooding, simple past and past participle flooded)

  1. To overflow, as by water from excessive rainfall.
  2. To cover or partly fill as if by a flood.
    The floor was flooded with beer.
    They flooded the room with sewage.
  3. (figuratively) To provide (someone or something) with a larger number or quantity of something than can easily be dealt with.
    The station's switchboard was flooded with listeners making complaints.
    • 2011 October 1, David Ornstein, “Blackburn 0 - 4 Man City”, in BBC Sport[3]:
      Blackburn offered nothing going forward in the opening period and that continued after the break, encouraging City to flood forward.
    • 2020 April 22, “Glenfinnan turns blue to honour NHS workers”, in Rail, page 9:
      The iconic Glenfinnan Viaduct was flooded with blue light to show support for the National Health Service staff treating Coronavirus patients.
  4. (Internet, transitive, intransitive) To paste numerous lines of text to (a chat system) in order to disrupt the conversation.
    • 1998, "Dr. Cat", Furry web site plug (on newsgroup
      There's also a spam filter in the code now, so if someone attempts to flood people's screens with macros or a bot, everything after the first few lines is thrown away.
  5. To bleed profusely, as after childbirth.



Derived termsEdit

Terms derived from flood (verb)



  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Oxford-Paravia Concise - Dizionario Inglese-Italiano e Italiano-Inglese. Edited by Maria Cristina Bareggi. Torino: Paravia, 2003 (in collaboration with Oxford University Press). ISBN 8839551107. Online version here


Middle EnglishEdit



  1. Alternative form of flod



Borrowed from English flood.



flood m (plural floods)

  1. (Internet slang) a flood of superfluous text messages

Related termsEdit