See also: Folk and fólk

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English folk, from Old English folc, from Proto-West Germanic *folk, from Proto-Germanic *fulką, from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₁-gós, from *pleh₁- (to fill).

Cognate with German Volk, Dutch volk, Swedish folk and Danish folk. Doublet of volk.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

folk (not comparable)

  1. Of or pertaining to the inhabitants of a land, their culture, tradition, or history.
  2. Of or pertaining to common people as opposed to ruling classes or elites.
  3. (architecture) Of or related to local building materials and styles.
  4. Believed or transmitted by the common people; not academically correct or rigorous.
    folk psychology; folk linguistics

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

folk (plural folk or folks)

  1. (archaic) A grouping of smaller peoples or tribes as a nation.
    • J. R. Green
      The organization of each folk, as such, sprang mainly from war.
  2. The inhabitants of a region, especially the native inhabitants.
    • 1907, Race Prejudice, Jean Finot, page 251:
      We thus arrive at a most unexpected imbroglio. The French have become a Germanic folk and the Germanic folk have become Gaulish!
  3. (plural only, plural: folks) One’s relatives, especially one’s parents.
  4. (music) Folk music.
  5. (plural only) People in general.
    Young folk, old folk, everybody come, / To our little Sunday School and have a lot of fun.
    • 1922, Ben Travers, chapter 1, in A Cuckoo in the Nest[1]:
      “[…] the awfully hearty sort of Christmas cards that people do send to other people that they don't know at all well. You know. The kind that have mottoes [] . And then, when you see [the senders], you probably find that they are the most melancholy old folk with malignant diseases. […]”
  6. (plural only) A particular group of people.

Derived termsEdit

Terms derived from the adjective or noun “folk”

Related termsEdit

Terms etymologically related to "folk"

TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • "folk" in Raymond Williams, Keywords (revised), 1983, Fontana Press, page 136.

DanishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse fólk, from Proto-Germanic *fulką.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /fɔlk/, [fʌlˀɡ̊]

NounEdit

folk n (singular definite folket, plural indefinite folk)

  1. people, persons
    Der var mange folk på torvet.
    There were many people on the plaza.
  2. one, people
    Folk ved ikke hvor meget deres hamstre er værd.
    People don't know how much their hamsters are worth.
  3. (countable) a people, a nation (not necessarily politically or geographically united)
  4. crew
DeclensionEdit
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Further readingEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From English folk (folk music).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

folk c (singular definite folken, not used in plural form)

  1. folk music (contemporary music in the style of traditional folk music)

See alsoEdit


FinnishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈfolk/, [ˈfo̞lk]
  • Rhymes: -olk
  • Syllabification(key): folk

NounEdit

folk

  1. (music) folk, folk music

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of folk (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative folk folkit
genitive folkin folkien
partitive folkia folkeja
illative folkiin folkeihin
singular plural
nominative folk folkit
accusative nom. folk folkit
gen. folkin
genitive folkin folkien
partitive folkia folkeja
inessive folkissa folkeissa
elative folkista folkeista
illative folkiin folkeihin
adessive folkilla folkeilla
ablative folkilta folkeilta
allative folkille folkeille
essive folkina folkeina
translative folkiksi folkeiksi
instructive folkein
abessive folkitta folkeitta
comitative folkeineen
Possessive forms of folk (type risti)
possessor singular plural
1st person folkini folkimme
2nd person folkisi folkinne
3rd person folkinsa

CompoundsEdit


FrenchEdit

NounEdit

folk m (plural folks)

  1. folk (folk music)

Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old English folk, from Proto-West Germanic *folk, from Proto-Germanic *fulką.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

folk (plural folk or folkes)

  1. people, folk (multiple individuals)
  2. nation, race, stock
    • c. 1395, John Wycliffe, John Purvey [et al.], transl., Bible (Wycliffite Bible (later version), MS Lich 10.)‎[2], published c. 1410, Apocalips 11:18, page 121r, column 2; republished as Wycliffe's translation of the New Testament, Lichfield: Bill Endres, 2010:
      folkis ben wrooþ · ⁊ þi wraþþe cam · ⁊ tyme of deed men to be demed · ⁊ to ȝelde meede to þi ſeruauntis ⁊ pꝛophetis ⁊ halowis ⁊ dꝛedynge þi name · to ſmale ⁊ to grete / ⁊ to diſtrie hem þat coꝛrumpiden þe erþe
      And the nations were furious; then your fury came. It is time for the dead to be judged, to give rewards to your servants, prophets, saints, and those who fear your name, both small and large, and to destroy those who destroyed the Earth.
  3. group, band, troop (of people):
    1. subjects, followers, comitatus
    2. army, retinue (group of armed people)
    3. gathering, parliament
  4. family, kin, relatives
  5. humankind, humanity; all people
  6. (rare) creatures, beings

Usage notesEdit

Can be treated as a singular or a plural noun.

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • English: folk
  • Scots: fowk

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse fólk, folk, from Proto-Germanic *fulką.

NounEdit

folk n (definite singular folket, indefinite plural folk, definite plural folka or folkene)

  1. a people
  2. people in general
  3. folk

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse folk, fólk. Akin to English folk.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

folk n (definite singular folket, indefinite plural folk, definite plural folka)

  1. people
    Folk er rare.
    People are strange.
    Nordmennene er eit rart folk.
    The Norwegians are a strange people.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Old FrisianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *folk, from Proto-Germanic *fulką.

NounEdit

folk n

  1. people, folk

InflectionEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • North Frisian:
  • Saterland Frisian: Foulk
  • West Frisian: folk

Old High GermanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *folk

NounEdit

folk n

  1. people, folk
  2. troop; group of warriors

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit


Old NorseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *fulką.

NounEdit

folk n

  1. troop, army
  2. people

DeclensionEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • The meaning of ‘troop, army’ is decidedly older and is the only one present in the earliest poetry. There, þjóð and lýðir are used for the meaning ‘people’.

DescendantsEdit


Old SaxonEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *folk.

NounEdit

folk n

  1. people, folk

DeclensionEdit


DescendantsEdit

  • Middle Low German: volk
    • Low German:
      • German Low German:
        Hamburgisch: Volk
        Westphalian:
        Lippisch: Volk
        Ravensbergisch: Folk
        Sauerländisch: Volk
        Westmünsterländisch: Volk
    • Plautdietsch: Volkj

PolishEdit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English folk (music), from Middle English folk, from Old English folc, from Proto-West Germanic *folk, from Proto-Germanic *fulką, from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₁-gós, from *pleh₁-.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

folk m inan

  1. folk music (contemporary music in traditional style)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

adjective

Related termsEdit

adverb

Further readingEdit

  • folk in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • folk in Polish dictionaries at PWN

PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Unadapted borrowing from English folk.

PronunciationEdit

 
  • (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈfow.ki/ [ˈfoʊ̯.ki]
    • (Southern Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈfow.ke/ [ˈfoʊ̯.ke]

NounEdit

folk m (uncountable)

  1. (music) folk music (contemporary music in traditional style)
    Synonym: música folk

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English folk.

NounEdit

folk n (uncountable)

  1. folk music

DeclensionEdit


ScotsEdit

NounEdit

folk (plural folks)

  1. Alternative spelling of fowk

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

English folk

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

folk m (uncountable)

  1. folk (music)

Further readingEdit


SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse fólk, folk, from Proto-Germanic *fulką.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

folk n

  1. (uncountable) people in general, humans
  2. a people, a nation; in compounds referring to local or national traditions (folklore), national institutions (folkhem) or international relations (folkrätt)

DeclensionEdit

Declension of folk 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative folk folket folk folken
Genitive folks folkets folks folkens

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit


West FrisianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Frisian folk, from Proto-West Germanic *folk.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

folk n (plural folken, diminutive folkje)

  1. people, folk

Further readingEdit

  • folk”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

InterjectionEdit

folk

  1. call at the door if anyone's home