English Edit

Alternative forms Edit

Etymology Edit

From Middle English forrayen (to pillage), a back-formation of forrayour, forreour, forrier (raider, pillager), from Old French forrier, fourrier, a derivative of fuerre (provender, fodder, straw), from Frankish *fōdar (fodder, sheath), from Proto-Germanic *fōdrą (fodder, feed, sheath), from Proto-Indo-European *patrom (fodder), *pat- (to feed), *pāy- (to guard, graze, feed).

Cognate with Old High German fuotar (German Futter (fodder, feed)), Old English fōdor, fōþor (food, fodder, covering, case, basket), Dutch voeder (forage, food, feed), Danish foder (fodder, feed), Icelandic fóður (fodder, sheath). More at fodder, food, forage.

Pronunciation Edit

Noun Edit

foray (plural forays)

  1. A sudden or irregular incursion in border warfare; hence, any irregular incursion for war or spoils; a raid.
  2. A brief excursion or attempt, especially outside one's accustomed sphere.
    • 2011 September 27, Alistair Magowan, “Bayern Munich 2 - 0 Man City”, in BBC Sport[1]:
      Bastian Schweinsteiger and Muller were among many who should have added the third, and City were limited to rare forays with the excellent Boateng pinching the ball off Aguero and Aleksandar Kolarov shooting wide in stoppage time.

Translations Edit

Verb Edit

foray (third-person singular simple present forays, present participle foraying, simple past and past participle forayed)

  1. To participate in a foray.
    • 1837, William Hickling Prescott, History of the Reign of Ferdinand and Isabella, the Catholic:
      The people of Granada resumed all at once their ancient activity, foraying into the Christian territories, surprising Alhendin and some other places of less importance, and stirring up the spirit of revolt in Guadix and other conquered cities.
  2. To do or attempt something outside one's typical area of expertise.
    • 2018, Abigail Rine Favale, Into the Deep:
      Over the summer, I'd been following the news cycle, foraying into online journalism, and I wrote a couple of pieces on male victims of sexual violence, who are often left to the margins or forgotten altogether in feminist accounts of rape culture.
  3. (transitive, archaic) To scour an area for goods as part of a foray.
    • 1590, Edward Spenser, The Faerie Queene:
      He bad to open wyde his brazen gate,
      Which long time had bene shut, and out of hond
      Proclaymed joy and peace through all his state;
      For dead now was their foe which them forrayed late.
    • 1857, Charlotte Mary Yonge, Cameos from English History, from Rollo to Edward II:
      Bruce forayed Cumberland, and threatened Berwick, so that the poor Countess of Buchan was removed from thence to a more secure place of captivity.

Translations Edit