See also: Fortis

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin fortis (strong). Doublet of fort and forte.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

fortis (not comparable)

  1. (phonetics) Strongly articulated (of a consonant), hence voiceless.
    Synonym: tense
    Antonym: lenis
    • 2004, Stephan Gramley, Michael Pätzold, A Survey of Modern English, Routledge (→ISBN), page 80:
      All vowels, whether short or complex, are relatively shorter when followed by a fortis consonant and relatively longer when followed by a lenis one or, for those where this is possible, when no consonant follows (in free or unchecked syllables).

NounEdit

fortis (plural fortes)

  1. (phonetics) A fortis consonant.

LatinEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Italic *forktis, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (to rise, high, hill).

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

fortis (neuter forte, comparative fortior, superlative fortissimus, adverb fortiter); third-declension two-termination adjective

  1. (physically) strong, powerful
  2. (figuratively), (mentally) firm, resolute, steadfast, stout
  3. (figuratively), (answering to the Greek ἀνδρεῖος) courageous, brave; manly, mannish
DeclensionEdit

Third-declension two-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative fortis forte fortēs fortia
Genitive fortis fortium
Dative fortī fortibus
Accusative fortem forte fortēs
fortīs
fortia
Ablative fortī fortibus
Vocative fortis forte fortēs fortia

Derived termsEdit

Borrowed termsEdit

  • Albanian: fortë
  • Basque: bortitz
  • English: fortis

DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From fors.

NounEdit

fortis

  1. genitive singular of fors

ReferencesEdit

  • fortis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • fortis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • fortis in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • fortis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • be brave: fortem te praebe
    • (ambiguous) quite accidentally, fortuitously: temere et fortuito; forte (et) temere
    • (ambiguous) to be brave by nature: animo forti esse
    • (ambiguous) personally brave: manu fortis